Psalm 74 (Greek numbering: 73) is part of the Biblical Book of Psalms. A community lament, it expresses the pleas of the Jewish community in the Babylonian captivity. In the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, and in its Latin translation in the Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 73. It is attributed to Asaph.

Psalm 74
Gedenktafel Synagoge Weener Weserstraße 32.jpg
"Gedenktafel Synagoge Weener" in der Westerstraße 32; with citation from Psalm 74:7: "They have set Thy sanctuary on fire; they have profaned the dwelling-place of Thy name even to the ground."
BookBook of Psalms
Hebrew Bible partKetuvim
Order in the Hebrew part1
CategorySifrei Emet
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part19

ContentEdit

Verses 1–3 open this psalm by imploring God to recall God's people, and Mount Zion. The psalm continues in verses 4–11 by describing the destruction of the Temple by "the enemies of God".[1] Verses 12–17 praise the might of God; the psalm ends (verses 18–23) by imploring the Lord to remember Israel and come to her aid.

The enemy is not named, but may refer to King Nebuchadnezzar. According to the Targum, the reference is to Antiochus Epiphanes.[2]

Verse 1 portrays the image of the people of Israel as God's flock, "the sheep of your pasture".[3]

UsesEdit

JudaismEdit

  • Psalm 74 is recited on the fast of the Tenth of Tevet in some traditions.[4]
  • It is recited on the second day of Passover in some traditions.[4]
  • Verses 2 and 12 are recited during the blessings before the Shema on the second day of Rosh Hashanah.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Verse 4, King James Version
  2. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), footnote a at Psalm 74
  3. ^ Verse 1, New Revised Standard Version
  4. ^ a b The Artscroll Tehillim page 329
  5. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah page 271

External linksEdit

  • Psalm 74 in Hebrew and English - Mechon-mamre
  • Psalm 74 King James Bible - Wikisource