Prosper of Reggio

Saint Prosper of Reggio (Italian: San Prospero; died June 25, c. 466) is an Italian saint. Tradition holds that he was a bishop of Reggio Emilia for twenty-two years. Little is known of his life, but documents attest that he was indeed bishop of Reggio Emilia in the fifth century.[1]

Saint Prosper of Reggio
Virginmarysaintbernardsaintprosper.JPG
Giovanni Soncini, The Virgin Mary with the Baby Jesus, Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, and Saint Prosper, 16th century.
Diedc. 466 AD
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Major shrineReggio Emilia
FeastJune 25; November 24 (Reggio Emilia)
AttributesBook; model of Reggio Emilia; episcopal dress
PatronageReggio Emilia

Remembered for his sense of charity, he is the patron saint of Reggio Emilia, although its cathedral is not dedicated to him. Instead, the church of San Prospero, which Prosper himself had built and dedicated to Saint Apollinaris, commemorates his episcopate. He died at Reggio Emilia.

VenerationEdit

 
Piazza San Prospero, Reggio Emilia, with patron saint's basilica.

His cult was ancient and was diffused during the eleventh to fourteenth centuries. Prosper was venerated in Parma, Bologna, Lucca, and other cities beyond Reggio. Some thirty-one churches and chapels were dedicated to him in the Middle Ages.[1] However, after the Council of Trent, his cult once again was confined only to Reggio. The Reggio diocese celebrates his cult locally on November 24, but June 25 is his feast day on general calendars.

The painting by Giovanni Soncini of Saints Bernard and Prosper is the only known painting by this artist.[2]

RelicsEdit

His relics were translated in 703 to a new church built in his honor by Thomas, a subsequent bishop of Reggio. They lay alongside those of Venerius the Hermit and Cosmas and Damian.

In the tenth century, Reggio being vulnerable to attacks from the sea, Bishop Ermenald (Ermenaldo) transported his relics to the Cathedral of Santa Maria in the center of the city while the church dedicated to Prosper was being built. This was completed by his successor Tenzo (Tenzone) (979). Pope Gregory V consecrated the church in 997. In the 16th century, the church was rebuilt; Prosper’s body lies under the great altar.

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