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Propoxur (Baygon) is a carbamate non-systemic insecticide introduced in 1959 with a fast knockdown and long residual effect used against turf, forestry, and household pests and fleas. It is also used in pest control for other domestic animals, Anopheles mosquitoes, ants, gypsy moths, and other agricultural pests.[2][3] It can also be used as a molluscicide.[3][4][5]

Propoxur
Skeletal formula of propoxur
Ball-and-stick model of the propoxur molecule
Names
IUPAC name
2-Isopropoxyphenyl N-methylcarbamate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.676
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C11H15NO3
Molar mass 209.245 g·mol−1
Appearance White to tan crystalline powder[1]
Odor faint, characteristic[1]
Melting point 86 to 92 °C; 187 to 197 °F; 359 to 365 K
Boiling point decomposes[1]
0.2% (20°C)[1]
Vapor pressure 0.0000937 mmHg (20 °C)[1]
Pharmacology
QP53AE02 (WHO)
Hazards
Flash point > 149 °C; 300 °F; 422 K
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
none[1]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 0.5 mg/m3[1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
N.D.[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Several U.S. states have petitioned the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to use propoxur against bedbug infestations, but the EPA has been reluctant to approve indoor use because of its potential toxicity to children after chronic exposure.[6]

ActionEdit

Carbamate insecticides kill insects by reversibly inactivating the enzyme acetylcholinesterase.

Environmental effectsEdit

Propoxur rapidly breaks down in alkaline solution.[7] Propoxur is highly toxic to many bird species, but its toxicity varies by the species. It is moderately to slightly toxic to fish and other aquatic species. Propoxur is highly toxic to honeybees.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. "#0531". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
  2. ^ ACGIH, 1991a[full citation needed]
  3. ^ a b Budavari, 1996a[full citation needed]
  4. ^ Lewis, 1993a[full citation needed]
  5. ^ a b EXTOXNET Extension Toxicology Network. Pesticide Information Profile. Propoxur. June 1996.
  6. ^ "In Search of a Bedbug Solution". New York Times. September 4, 2010.
  7. ^ Propoxur (WHO Pesticide Residues Series 3): October 01, 2009.