# Proof net

In proof theory, proof nets are a geometrical method of representing proofs that eliminates two forms of bureaucracy that differentiates proofs: (A) irrelevant syntactical features of regular proof calculi such as the natural deduction calculus and the sequent calculus, and (B) the order of rules applied in a derivation. In this way, the formal properties of proof identity correspond more closely to the intuitively desirable properties. Proof nets were introduced by Jean-Yves Girard.

For instance, these two linear logic proofs are “morally” identical:

 $\vdash$ A, B, C, D $\vdash$ A ⅋ B, C, D $\vdash$ A ⅋ B, C ⅋ D
 $\vdash$ A, B, C, D $\vdash$ A, B, C ⅋ D $\vdash$ A ⅋ B, C ⅋ D

And their corresponding nets will be the same.

## Correctness criteria

Several correctness criteria are known to check if a sequential proof structure (i.e. something which seems to be a proof net) is actually a concrete proof structure (i.e. something which encodes a valid derivation in linear logic). The first such criterion is the long-trip criterion which was described by Jean-Yves Girard.