Produce Stakes (USA)

The Produce Stakes was an American Thoroughbred racing event run in two divisions from 1902 thru 1907 at Brighton Beach Race Course at Brighton Beach, New York.

Produce Stakes
Discontinued stakes race
LocationBrighton Beach Race Course, Brighton Beach, New York,
United States
Inaugurated1902
Race typeThoroughbred - Flat racing
Race information
Distance6 furlongs
SurfaceDirt
Trackleft-handed
QualificationTwo-year-old colts & geldings

One of the more valuable races for two-year-olds in the United States, there was a division for fillies and another for colts and geldings.[1]

The race was short lived when the entire United States horse racing and breeding industry was thrown into massive uncertainty as a result of the June 11, 1908 action by the Republican controlled New York Legislature under Governor Charles Evans Hughes which passed the Hart-Agnew anti-betting legislation.[2] After a 1911 amendment to the law that would limit the liability of owners and directors was defeated in the Legislature, every racetrack in New York State shut down with wide-ranging effects throughout the entire country.[3] Owners whose horses of racing age had nowhere to go began shipping them and their trainers to England and France.[4] Many ended their racing careers there, and a number remained to become an important part of the European horse breeding industry. Thoroughbred Times reported that more than 1,500 American horses were sent overseas between 1908 and 1913 and that of them, at least 24 were either past, present, or future Champions.[5]

Scheduled to be run on September 28, 1908, the Brighton Beach racetrack's financial problems resulted in the Produce Stakes being canceled.[6] No longer financially viable, Thoroughbred racing was never held again at that track.[7]

Fillies DivisionEdit

Historic notesEdit

The 1902 inaugural race was won by Eugenia Burch whose winning time of 1:12.60 would prove to be not only the fastest ever in this event, but it equaled the fastest ever time recorded in the male division.[8] Eugenia Burch would be recognized as that year's American Champion Two-Year-Old Filly and would earn the same recognition the following year at age three. Similarly, 1906 winner Court Dress would receive the same two National Champion honors as did Stamina in 1907.[9]


Colts & Geldings DivisionEdit

Historic notesEdit

The inaugural running of the Produce Stakes for males took place on July 19, 1902. It was won by Mexican, a colt ridden by future U.S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Winfield O'Connor for owner Clarence H. Mackay.[10]

The 1907 edition would prove to be the final running of the Produce Stakes but it did provide the event's most noteworthy winner in Colin.[11] Owned by James R. Keene, a Wall Street financier and major fiqure in Thoroughbred racing and breeding, Colin was trained by James G. Rowe Sr., a future Hall of Famer widely regarded as the greatest trainer in Thoroughbred racing history.[12] Undefeated in 15 career starts, including the 1908 Belmont Stakes, Colin was the 1907 and 1908 American Horse of the Year who would also become a Hall of Fame inductee and was ranked 15th in the Blood-Horse magazine List of the Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century.[9][13]


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Condensed History of the Produce Stakes". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1907-09-29. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  2. ^ "Penalties in the New York Bills". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1908-01-18. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  3. ^ "Race Track Bill Defeated In Senate; Measure Modifying Directors' Liability for Gambling Fails of Passage". July 14, 1911. Retrieved September 2, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
  4. ^ "Losses To The Breeding Industry". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1910-02-13. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  5. ^ Thoroughbred Times - Racing Through the Century 1911-1920 Archived July 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Important Stakes Dates". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1908-09-01. Retrieved 2021-12-23.
  7. ^ "Brighton Beach Race Course". The Keeneland Library. 2021-12-24. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
  8. ^ "Filies In A Fast Race; Eugenia Burch Took the Produce at Six Furlongs in 1:12 3-5". New York Times, page 7. 1902-08-01. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
  9. ^ a b The Bloodhorse.com Champion's history charts Archived September 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Mexican Won the Produce Stakes". Indianapolis Journal. 1902-07-20. Retrieved 2021-01-22.
  11. ^ "The Belmont Stakes: History Of The Oldest And Greatest Sweepstakes For Three-Year-Olds". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1922-05-04. Retrieved 2020-12-06.
  12. ^ "Colts Produce for Colin: Mr. Keene's Champion Plays with His Field at Brighton". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1907-10-01. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  13. ^ "Colin | National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame". www.racingmuseum.org. Retrieved 2019-04-30.