Procopius of Scythopolis

Procopius of Scythopolis (died 7 July AD 303) was a 4th century martyr who is venerated as a saint. He was a reader and exorcist in the church at Scythopolis; he also was famous as an ascetic and erudite theologian.[1][2] Eusebius of Caesarea wrote of his martyrdom, which occurred during the persecution of Roman Emperor Diocletian, and stated that "he was born at Jerusalem, but had gone to live in Scythopolis, where he held three ecclesiastical offices. He was reader and interpreter in the Syriac language, and cured those possessed of evil spirits."[3] Eusebius wrote that Procopius was sent with his companions from Scythopolis to Caesarea Maritima, where he was decapitated.

Saint Procopius
St. Procpius.jpg
Icon of Saint Procopius, 1816
Niš, Serbia
Great Martyr
Born3rd century
Jerusalem
Died7 July AD 303
Caesarea Maritima
Venerated inRoman Catholicism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Oriental Orthodoxy
Lutheranism
Anglicanism
Feast8 July
22 November (only Orthodoxy)[1][2]

AccountsEdit

Eusebius's account of Procopius's martyrdom also exists in medieval Syriac, Georgian, and Latin translations.[4] Later legendary and contradictory accounts claimed that he was either a soldier saint, ascetic, a Persian, or prince of Alexandria.[3] One myth claimed that he slew around 6,000 barbarian invaders simply by showing them the cross. Another account, clearly borrowed off of the life of the Apostle St. Paul of Tarsus, claimed that he was a persecutor of Christians originally named Neanias whom Roman Emperor Diocletian appointed as duke of Alexandria, Egypt; on the way from Antioch, Neanias experienced a vision and declared himself to be a Christian.[3]

VenerationEdit

In Western Europe, Procopius was first enumerated in the calendar of saints by St. Bede, whose Martyrology listed the saint under 8 July. His name and date were added to the Roman Martyrology.[5]

In Scythopolis a chapel was dedicated in honor of him. In Caesarea Maritima Roman Emperor Zeno erected a church dedicated in honor of him in AD 484. His relics were translated to the Church of Saint Michael in Antioch, Syria. In Constantinople 4 churches were dedicated in his honor.[5] He is the patron saint of Niš, Serbia.[6]

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, he is remembered in the marriage dismissal.[7]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Προκόπιος ὁ Παλαιστίνιος. 22 Νοεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ a b Martyr Procopius the Reader at Caesarea, in Palestine. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  3. ^ a b c Saints of July 8 Archived December 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander; Ševčenko, Nancy Patterson (1991). "Prokopios, saint". In Kazhdan, Alexander (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 1731. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
  5. ^ a b San Procopio di Cesarea di Palestina
  6. ^ "ST. PROCOPIUS". Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Crowning". Archived from the original on 2015-02-04. Retrieved 2014-04-10.

External linksEdit