Principality of Yaroslavl

The Principality of Yaroslavl was an eastern Slavic principality with the capital in Yaroslavl city, which existed in 1218–1463 (de jure 1471), till the mid 14th century as a apanage principality in the Grand Duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal, then separated as the Grand Principality.

Principality of Yaroslavl

Ярославское княжество (in Russian)
1218–1463
StatusPrincipality
CapitalYaroslavl
57°38′N 39°53′E / 57.633°N 39.883°E / 57.633; 39.883
Common languagesOfficial language:
Russian
Religion
Official religion:
Russian Orthodox
GovernmentPrincipality
History 
• Established
1218
• Disestablished
1463
CurrencyUnknown
Today part of Russia
The Principality of Yaroslavl (under No. 10) in the 13th century

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

The Principality of Yaroslavl separated from the Grand Duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal when the sons of Konstantin Vsevolodovich divided his lands upon his death. Vsevolod Konstantinovich inherited the lands around Yaroslavl on both banks of the Volga River with its feeders — the Mologa, the Yukhot', the Ikhra, the Sit', the Sheksna and Lake Kubenskoye.

In 1238 the city was sacked by the Mongol invasion of Kievan Rus'. In the Battle of the Sit River on March 4, 1238, Vsevolod Konstantinovich was killed and the Russians defeated. As the result, the Mongol-Tatar Yoke established upon the Principality of Yaroslavl and all the Nort-East Rus' lands.

In 1262 the uprising against the Mongol tribute collectors ended in killing of all the local tatars. The vindictive attack was prevented by Alexander Nevsky, who went to the Golden Horde for negotiations.[1]

During the Mongol-Tatar YokeEdit

Later the sons of Vsevolod Konstantinovich ruled in the principality. Vasilii Vsevolodovich stayed in power from 1238-1249. His brother Konstantin Vsevolodovich ruled after his death. On 3 July, 1257, the battle of Tugova gora ended with another defeat of Russians, Konstantin Vsevolodovich was killed. Then a group of princes decided Vasilii's son-in-law should be ruler: [[Theodore the ck|Fedor Rostislavich Cherni]], son of the ruler of Smolensk. His second wife was Anna, a daughter to the warlord Mengu-Timur.

In 1332 Ivan I of Moscow burnt down Yaroslavl under the Khan's orders. Then he forced the prince, Vasilii Davidovich Groznii to marry his daughter Yevdokia. Vasilii tried to be independent, adopting the title Grand prince and allying with Tver but the Khan ordered him to stay loyal to Moscow.

The last Grand Prince of Yaroslavl was Aleksandr Fedorovich Brukhatii who was forced to sign away the succession to Ivan III.[2] Having emerged from the Principality of Rostov, in 14th–15th centuries it dissipated into udels[3] and was ultimately incorporated into Grand Duchy of Moscow.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Egorov 1996.
  2. ^ http://www.xenophon-mil.org/rushistory/rulers/success21.htm
  3. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1978), vol. 30, p. 559

SourcesEdit

  • Egorov, V. L. Александр Невский и Золотая Орда [Alexander Nevsky and the Golden Horde] (in Russian). Novgorod: Novgorod State Museum.