Primorskaya Oblast

Primorskaya Oblast (Russian: Примо́рская о́бласть) was an administrative division of the Russian Empire and the early Russian SFSR, created on October 31, 1856 by the Governing Senate.[1] The name of the region literally means "Maritime" or "Coastal." The region was established upon a Russian conquest of Daur people that used to live along Amur River. Before the Russian conquest, the territory belonged to the Chinese region of Manchuria.

Primorskaya Oblast
Примо́рская о́бласть
Primorskaya oblast'
Oblast of Russia and Far Eastern Republic
1856–1922
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Primorska olb1912.png
CapitalNikolayevsk-on-Amur (1856-1880)
Khabarovka (1880-1888)
Vladivostok (1888-1922)
History 
• Established
31 October 1856
• Transformed into Primorskaya Governorate
1922
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Manchuria
Primorskaya Governorate
Today part of Russia

HistoryEdit

The Amur river region was raided by the 1651 Russian expedition of Yerofey Khabarov, after which the indigenous Daur people were either killed or fled away further into territory of the Qing Dynasty's China. Before the Russian conquest, the territory belonged to the Chinese region of Manchuria. The precursor of Primorskaya Oblast was the Albazino Voivodeship that existed 1882-1886 and was abolished upon the conclusion of the Sino-Russian border conflicts. At first it was part of the Eastern Siberian General Government, but beginning 1884 within the Cis-Amur General Government.[1]

Originally the oblast included the entire northeastern portion of Russia and territories of the Cis-Amur region. It was organized out of the newly acquired territories of the valley of the River Amur, Kamchatka Oblast, and Sakhalin. In 1858 the territory bordering along the left-bank of the Amur River to the outlet of the Ussuri River was transferred to the newly established Amur Oblast. At that time the region only included four districts: Nikolayevsk, Sofiysk, Okhotsk, Kamchatka. According to the Peking Treaty, in 1860 the Ussuri Krai was annexed to the region, based on the Treaty of Aigun and the Convention of Peking. During 1880-1888 there was created a separate Vladivostok Military Governorate that included Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula and the port of Vladivostok. In 1884 Sakhalin was separated as a separate administrative territory.

The capital of the oblast was originally Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, during 1880-1888 – Khabarovka (presently named Khabarovsk), and during 1888 it was relocated to Vladivostok.[1]

In 1920 Primorskaya Oblast was included in the Far Eastern Republic and in 1922 transformed into the Primorskaya Governorate.

During 1932-1939 there existed a region with the same name that was part of the Far Eastern Krai of the Russian SFSR.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c History of Soviet Primorye, p. 31

SourcesEdit

  • "История Советского Приморья" (History of the Soviet Primorye), под ред. А. И. Крушанова (ed. A. I. Krushanov). Дальневосточное книжное издательство. Владивосток, 1976.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°07′00″N 131°54′00″E / 43.1167°N 131.9000°E / 43.1167; 131.9000