Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma
|Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma|
|Micrograph of a primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma. H&E stain.|
|Specialty||Hematology and oncology|
Diagnosis requires a biopsy, so that the exact type of tissue can be determined by examination under a microscope. PMBL is generally considered a sub-type of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, although it is also closely related to nodular sclerosing Hodgkin lymphoma (NSHL). Tumors that are even more closely related to NSHL than typical for PMBL are called gray zone lymphoma.
Treatment commonly begins with months of multi-drug chemotherapy regimen. Either R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone) or DA-EPOCH-R (dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisolone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, rituximab) has been typical. Other, more intense, regimens may be more effective.
Radiation therapy may be added, especially if chemotherapy does not seem sufficient on its own. Radiation may cause other health problems later, such as breast cancer, and there is some debate about the best approach to it.
Most people with PMBL are successfully treated and survive for many years. However, if the initial treatment is unsuccessful, or if it returns, the long-term prognosis is worse. Relapses generally appear within 12 to 18 months after the completion of treatment.
This lymphoma is most commonly seen in women between the age of 20 and 40.
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