Prevotellaceae

Prevotellaceae is a family of bacteria.[2] The genus Prevotella is known for its role in the human gastrointestinal microbiota.

Prevotellaceae
Scientific classification
Domain:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Prevotellaceae

Krieg 2012[1]
Genera[2]
  • Alloprevotella Downes et al. 2013
  • Hallella Moore and Moore 1994
  • "Ihuprevotella" Ricaboni et al. 2016
  • "Marseilla" Ricaboni et al. 2016
  • "Massiliprevotella" Ndongo et al. 2017
  • "Metaprevotella" Ricaboni et al. 2017
  • Paraprevotella Morotomi et al. 2009
  • Prevotella Shah and Collins 1990
  • "Prevotellamassilia" Ndongo et al. 2016

Prevotella species are among the most numerous microbes culturable from the rumen and hind gut of cattle and sheep, where they help the breakdown of protein and carbohydrate foods. They are also present in humans, where they can be opportunistic pathogens. Prevotella, credited interchangeably with Bacteroides melaninogenicus, has been a problem for dentists' patients for years. As a human pathogen known for creating periodontal and tooth problems, Prevotella has long been studied to counteract its pathogenesis.

The presence of Prevotella in the human gastrointestinal tract is inversely correlated with Parkinson’s Disease.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Krieg NR (2010). "Prevotellaceae fam. nov.". In Krieg NR, Staley JT, Brown DR, Hedlund BP, Paster BJ, Ward NL, Ludwig W, Whitman WB (eds.). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 4 (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer. p. 85.
  2. ^ a b "National J.P. Euzéby: List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)". Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  3. ^ "Gut microbiota in Parkinson's disease". 27 December 2014.