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Pretty Nose in 1879, with woven cloth belt and buffalo robe

Pretty Nose (c. 1851 – after 1952) was an Arapaho woman, and according to her grandson, a war chief who participated in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876.[1] In some sources, Pretty Nose is called Cheyenne,[2] although she was identified as Arapaho on the basis of her red, black and white beaded cuffs.[1] The two tribes were allies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn and are still officially grouped together as the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes.


According to an 1878 Laton Alton Huffman photograph which shows the two girls together, Pretty Nose had a sister named Spotted Fawn[3] who was 13 in 1878 making Spotted Fawn about 14 years younger than Pretty Nose. The plates for the photo "Spotted Fawn" and "Pretty Nose," Cheyenne (circa 1880) can be found at the Western Americana Photographs Collection, Box S12, Folder S2215; Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.[4] At least one other photo of Spotted Fawn alone exists and is held by the Art Institute of Chicago.[5]

Pretty Nose's grandson, Mark Soldier Wolf, became an Arapaho tribal elder who served in the US Marine Corps during the Korean War. She witnessed his return to the Wind River Indian Reservation in 1952, at the age of 101.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Tristan Ahtone (September 28, 2014). "The Story of Soldier Wolf". Al Jazeera America. Retrieved July 26, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Pretty Nose, Cheyenne Girl, Fort Keogh. [Picture]". ArchiveGrid. Retrieved July 26, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Cheyenne Girls. Sisters". Montana Historical Society. September 8, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  4. ^ ""Spotted Fawn" & "Pretty Nose," Cheyenne". Princeton University Library. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Spotted Fawn, Cheyenne bride". The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved December 1, 2015.