Prathamastami is a rite held in Odisha praying for the life and prosperity of the eldest child of a family. The first child after completion of its one year is made to wear new clothes and offered a lighted lamp ovation by the senior female relatives followed by elaborate rituals during which the Mantras are recited. The celebration falls on the eighth day of moon waning phase—Ashtami—of the month of Margashira according to the Odia calendar, occurring on the eighth day after Kartik Purnima.[citation needed]

Enduri Pitha.JPG
Haladi Patra Pitha made during Prathamastami
Also calledBhairava Ashtami, Saubhagini Ashtami, Paap-nashini Ashtami
Observed byOdias
SignificanceFestival for the firstborn child of the family
ObservancesPujas, rituals, Enduri Pitha
DateMargashira Krishna Ashtami, 8th Margashira of Odia calendar
2021 date27 November
2022 date16 November

The ritual involves Arti of the eldest child by mother and relatives in which the maternal uncle sends the items necessary for the rituals like new clothes, coconut, jaggery, newly harvested rice, black gram, turmeric leaves, coconut etc. Ganesha, Shashti devi and the family deity are worshipped. The main delicacy of the day is Enduri Pitha.[1] This day is also known as Soubhagini Ashtami, Kaal Bhairav Ashtami and Paap-nashini Ashtami.[2]


  1. ^ (ଏଣ୍ଡୁରି ପିଠା)Orissa profile
  2. ^ J Mohapatra (December 2013). Wellness In Indian Festivals & Rituals. Partridge Pub. pp. 166–167. ISBN 978-1-4828-1690-7.