Prastara

Prastara (Sanskrit: प्रस्तर, romanizedprastāra, extension, flat top) is a sort of entablature in the Hindu temple architecture.[1]

A 1834 sketch of prastaras

OverviewEdit

It is a horizontal superstructure of bands and moldings above column capitals, sometimes functions as a parapet of a story. Prastara is both functional and decorative element located above the architrave of the temple.[2][3][4] Being the third part of the building counting from the bottom, prastara is a very important element of the overall architectural composition of the temple.[5][6]

MeaningEdit

In the Dravidian context, prastara signifies a meeting place, where the two divisions of the temple, prasada varga (the Earth) and the pada varga (the Heaven), meet each other.[7]

PartsEdit

Prastara consists of several parts from bottom to top: uttara, valabhi (stringcourse above uttara), and kapota (dripstone).[8] Kapota is usually shaped as a pigeon's head.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Harris, Cyril M. (2013). Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486132112. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  2. ^ Adam Hardy 1995, p. 82, 390.
  3. ^ Vinayak Bharne & Krupali Krusche 2014, pp. 112, 126-130, 149-152, 280.
  4. ^ Prasanna Kumar Acharya 2010, pp. 328-336.
  5. ^ Williams, Joanna Gottfried (1981). Kalādarśana: American Studies in the Art of India. BRILL. p. 149. ISBN 9789004064980. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  6. ^ SMYTHIES, ADRIAN GREVILLE (2006). "THE ARCHITECTURE AND ICONOGRAPHY OF THE HINDU TEMPLE IN EADS, TENNESSEE" (PDF). Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  7. ^ Shodhganga: Temples of Salem Region up to 1336 AD
  8. ^ "An Introduction to Temple Architecture in India". www.historyfiles.co.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2019.