Power moves are loosely defined as moves relying on speed, momentum, and acrobatic elements for performance. They are prominent in B-boying, often the centerpieces of routines featuring the other elements (toprock, downrock, and freezes) that make up breaking. Power moves are closer to gymnastics than dancing. B-boys who focus heavily on power moves and execute them as a main part of their routines are often called "power heads".
B-boy Powerful PEX and the New York City Breakers were credited in 1983 for the B-boy style of combining 2 or 3 difficult moves together. This includes floats, Headmills aka Power windmills, and flares suicides. In the 90's the B-boys shortened the phrase "powerful moves" down to "power moves" in the 90's to make it sound more flashy. New generations of B-boys are executing more acrobatics, which is taking moves to the next level.
- Back spin: One of the first and most famous spinning power moves, the dancer is balled up and spinning on his or her back. In some variations, the dancer may choose to hop while spinning.
- Shoulder spin
- Air chair spin
- Zulu spin
- The headspin is an athletic move in which a person spins on their head from a headstand position. These may be done continuously through hand-tapping and proper balance.
- The 1990 is a breakdance move which resembles a rapidly spinning one-handed handstand. Created Spinner of the Dynamic Rockers referred to as a "Hand Spin"*2000s are similar to 1990s, but with both hands.
- Airflare is a breakdance move that requires the dancer to revolve hand to hand while keeping their legs in the air in a V-Formation.
Floats were one of the first power moves in the 80's. The body is usually in a fixed position while the arms move.
- Crickets and variants: Hydro, Jackhammer, Lotus Jackhammer, Super Jackhammer, Darkhammer, Hopping Turtles/Scratching Turtles, etc.
- UFO, Boomerangs, Inside Boomerangs, Gorillas, Gremlin Spins/Buddha spins
Swipes are one of the most recognizable power moves. The b-boy or b-girl leans back, whips his or her arms to one side to touch the ground, and his or her legs follow closely behind, twisting 360 degrees to land on the ground once again.
- A variant is the master swipe, also known as a superman swipe or one-footed swipe
Shadow Swipes is a variation of the swipe that incorporates the chair freeze to start the swipe. Created by Bboy Kid Shade of Hong Kong, it is one of his signature moves.
The headmill is a windmill variant performed without the use of hands for stability, rotating with the head and shoulders as the pivot point. As headmills free the hands, there are many further variations defined by the positioning of the hands.
Major windmill variants:
Flares are a widely recognized power move borrowed from gymnastics. Major variants:
- King Flares/Hopping Flare
- Crossed-legged Flare
- Chair Flare
- Double Chair Flare
- Sandwich Flare
- Lotus Flare
- Thread Flare
- One-legged Flare
- Virgin/Double Leg Circles - flares done with closed, straight legs
- Tomas Flare