Porta Latina

The Porta Latina (Latin - Latin Gate) is a single-arched gate in the Aurelian Walls of ancient Rome.

Porta Latina
Porta Latina 28 09 2019.jpg
Porta Latina today
Porta Latina is located in Rome
Roma Plan.jpg
Porta Latina
Porta Latina
Shown within Rome
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LocationRegio XII Piscina Publica
Coordinates41°52′35.0394″N 12°30′8.4564″E / 41.876399833°N 12.502349000°E / 41.876399833; 12.502349000Coordinates: 41°52′35.0394″N 12°30′8.4564″E / 41.876399833°N 12.502349000°E / 41.876399833; 12.502349000
TypeCity gate
History
BuilderHonorius
Founded5th century A.D.
The Porta Latina in an 18th-century etching by Giuseppe Vasi.

HistoryEdit

It marked the Rome end of the Via Latina and gives its name to the church of San Giovanni a Porta Latina. Most of the present structure dates to Honorius, including the arch's voussoirs (though they are often wrongly attributed[1] to a 6th-century restoration by Belisarius, due to a cross and circle sculpted on the inner keystone, and the Chi Rho between Α and Ω sculpted on the outer keystone). The gate retained its name throughout the Middle Ages. Also nearby are the oratory of San Giovanni in Oleo[2][3] and the pagan Columbarium of Pomponius Hylas.

The gate's single arch is built of irregular blocks of travertine, with a row of five windows above on the outside, and a sixth in brick, at the south end, surmounted by stone battlements. The arch is flanked by two semi-circular towers of brick-faced concrete (almost entirely rebuilt, probably in the 6th century), which do not rise above the top of the central section. The north tower rests on masonry foundations that may have belonged to a tomb.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ As in Touring Club Italiano, Roma e dintorni (Milan 1965), p. 388.
  2. ^ Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni (1716). L' Istoria della Chiesa di S. Giovanni avanti Porta Latina.
  3. ^ Hendrik W. Dey (7 April 2011). The Aurelian Wall and the Refashioning of Imperial Rome, AD 271–855. Cambridge University Press. pp. 206–. ISBN 978-1-139-50038-8.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Porta Latina (Rome) at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Porta Asinaria
Landmarks of Rome
Porta Latina
Succeeded by
Porta Maggiore

This article contains text from Platner and Ashby's A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, a text now in the public domain.