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The Pomeranians (German: Pommern) are a German people living in Pomerania. In the High Middle Ages, groups people migrated to Pomerania during the Ostsiedlung. These migrants, consisting of Germans from what is now Northwestern Germany, Danes, Dutch and Flemings, gradually outnumbered and assimilated the West Slavic tribes of the Rani, Liutizians and Slavic Pomeranians. The evolving society (German: Neustamm) was speaking the East Pomeranian, Central Pomeranian and Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch dialects of Low German. Mostly German immigration continued until the 20th century. The Thirty Years' War caused a severe population drop: only one-third of the pre-war Pomeranian population survived. In the late 19th and early 20th century, many Pomeranians emigrated to prospering West German industrial centers or overseas during the Ostflucht. Low German was gradually replaced by Standard German, though spoken with an accent. After World War II, most of the former Province of Pomerania became Polish, and nearly all Pomeranians living east of the Oder-Neisse line fled or were expelled to post-war Germany. Therefore, Pomeranians today live not only in Western Pomerania but are dispersed all over Germany and other countries.
- Thomas Carson, Problems of the Postwar World, READ BOOKS, 2007, p.349, ISBN 1-4067-4703-3, ISBN 978-1-4067-4703-4
- Paulus Gijsbertus Johannes Post, P. Post, G. Rouwhorst, L. Van Tongeren, A. Scheer, Christian Feast and Festival: The Dynamics of Western Liturgy and Culture, Peeters Publishers, 2001, p.80, ISBN 90-429-1055-0, ISBN 978-90-429-1055-3