In Greek mythology, the name Polymela or Polymele (Ancient Greek: Πολυμήλη "many sheep", derived from polys, "many" and melon "sheep" https://myria.math.aegean.gr/lds/web/view.php) may refer to the following figures:
- Polymele, daughter of Autolycus and one of the possible mothers of Jason by Aeson. She was also called Polymede or Polypheme, otherwise the mother of the hero was either Amphinome, Theognete, daughter of Laodicus, Rhoeo, Arne or Scarphe.
- Polymele, daughter of Peleus and one of the possible mothers of Patroclus by Menoetius, the other two being Sthenele and Periopis; some refer to her as "Philomela". In some accounts, Damocrateia, daughter of Aegina and Zeus was also called the wife of Menoetius and mother of Patroclus.
- Polymele, wife of Thestor and mother of Calchas and possibly also of Leucippe and Theonoe.
- Polymele, daughter of Phylas and wife of Echecles. She was loved by Hermes, who spotted her while she was performing a ritual dance in honor of Artemis, and had by him a son Eudoros.
- Polymele, daughter of Aeolus. When Odysseus visited their island, he fell in love with her and lay with her secretly. Soon after the guest's departure, Aeolus discovered his daughter crying over some spoils from Troy which Odysseus had given to her as presents. Outraged, he was about to exact vengeance upon Polymele, but his son Diores, who was in love with his own sister, intervened and implored Aeolus to marry her to him, to which Aeolus consented.
- 15094 Polymele, a Trojan asteroid
- Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 38; Tzetzes, Chiliades 6.979; Scholia on Homer, Odyssey 12.69
- Apollodorus, 1.9.16; Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 175 & 872
- Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.45
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.50.2
- Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.45
- Tzetzes, Chiliades 6.979
- Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 872
- Plutarch, Aristides 20.6
- Apollodorus, 3.13.8; Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.46; Scholia on Homer, Iliad 16.14
- Apollodorus, 3.13.8
- Eustathius on Homer, p. 1498; Scholia on Homer, Odyssey 4.343 and 17.134; Hyginus, Fabulae 97
- Tzetzes, John (2015). Allegories of the Iliad. Translated by Goldwyn, Adam; Kokkini, Dimitra. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England: Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library. pp. 33, Prologue 430, pp. 41, Prologue 525. ISBN 978-0-674-96785-4.
- Pythaenetos, quoting the scholiast on Pindar, Olympian Odes 9.107
- Tzetzes, Homeric Allegories Prologue 639
- Hyginus, Fabulae 190
- Homer, Iliad 16.179
- Homer, Odyssey 10.1 ff.; Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 5.7.7
- Parthenius, Erotica Pathemata 2
- Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1989. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
- Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888-1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
- Hesiod, Catalogue of Women from Homeric Hymns, Epic Cycle, Homerica translated by Evelyn-White, H G. Loeb Classical Library Volume 57. London: William Heinemann, 1914. Online version at theio.com
- Homer, The Iliad with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Homer, Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1920. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Homer, The Odyssey with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- John Tzetzes, Book of Histories, Book V-VI translated by Konstantinos Ramiotis from the original Greek of T. Kiessling's edition of 1826. Online version at theio.com.
- Parthenius, Love Romances translated by Sir Stephen Gaselee (1882-1943), S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 69. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. 1916. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
- Parthenius, Erotici Scriptores Graeci, Vol. 1. Rudolf Hercher. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1858. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library
- Tzetzes, John, Allegories of the Iliad translated by Goldwyn, Adam J. and Kokkini, Dimitra. Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library, Harvard University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-674-96785-4