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Polish School (music)

The Polish School (also known as New Polish School) is the music of several post-1945 Polish composers who share generational and stylistic similarities. Representatives include Tadeusz Baird, Henryk Górecki, Wojciech Kilar, Witold Lutosławski, Krzysztof Penderecki, Grażyna Bacewicz, and Kazimierz Serocki.[1][2] According to Polish music scholar Adrian Thomas, Zygmunt Mycielski used the term at the Łagów conference in 1949, and it was later used at the 1956 Warsaw Autumn festival.[3] Their common purpose was in part retrospective, reacting to socialist realism, and in part speculative.[3] Sound mass and sonorism influenced these post-war composers.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Pollack p. 465
  2. ^ "Grażyna Bacewicz". Polish Music Center. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
  3. ^ a b Thomas 2005, p. 159
  4. ^ Rappoport-Gelfand pp. 68-69


  • Pollack, Howard (1999). Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man. Henry Holt and Company
  • Rappoport-Gelfand, Lidia (1991). Musical Life in Poland: The Postwar Years, 1945-1977. Gordon and Breach
  • Thomas, Adrian (2005). Polish Music Since Szymanowski. Cambridge University Press

Further readingEdit

  • Steib, Murray (2013). Reader's Guide to Music: History, Theory, and Criticism. Routledge