Polesden Lacey

Polesden Lacey is an Edwardian house and estate, located on the North Downs at Great Bookham, near Dorking, Surrey, England. It is owned and run by the National Trust and is one of the Trust's most popular properties.

Polesden Lacey
Polesden Lacey (East Front).jpg
East facade
TypeCountry house
LocationGreat Bookham
Coordinates51°15′27″N 0°22′25″W / 51.257638°N 0.373728°W / 51.257638; -0.373728Coordinates: 51°15′27″N 0°22′25″W / 51.257638°N 0.373728°W / 51.257638; -0.373728
AreaSurrey
Built1824
Architect
Architectural style(s)Regency
OwnerNational Trust
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official namePolesden Lacey
Designated7 September 1951
Reference no.1028665
Polesden Lacey is located in Surrey
Polesden Lacey
Location of Polesden Lacey in Surrey

This Regency house was expanded from an earlier building, and extensively remodelled in 1906 by Margaret Greville, a well-known Edwardian hostess. Her collection of fine paintings, furniture, porcelain and silver is displayed in the reception rooms and galleries, as it was at the time of her celebrated house parties. The future George VI and Queen Elizabeth spent part of their honeymoon there in 1923.

The 1,400-acre (570 ha) estate includes a walled rose garden, lawns, ancient woodland and landscape walks.

HistoryEdit

The name 'Polesden' is thought to be Old English. The first house was built here by 1336. Anthony Rous bought the estate in 1630 and rebuilt the medieval house.[1] The house was owned by the Rous family until 1723, when the estate was purchased by the economist and politician Arthur Moore. An octoagonal pavilion was added to the south front at this time.[2]

In 1747 Sir Francis Geary purchased the estate, and subsequently spent his retirement there. Richard Brinsley Sheridan, the poet and playwright, came to live at there in 1797 and began work to improve the building.[3] However this effort was counter-productive and in 1818 Joseph Bonsor, a stationer and bookseller, bought the estate. He commissioned Thomas Cubitt to build an entirely new house in 1821-23, creating the core of the house seen today.[2] Bonsor died in 1835, and the house passed to his son who, in 1853, sold the estate to Sir Walter Rockcliff Farquhar, who held it until his death in 1902.[4]

Early 20th-centuryEdit

The Polesden Lacey estate was purchased in 1902 by Sir Clinton Edward Dawkins, a civil servant who worked in the Colonial Office.[2] He commissioned Ambrose Poynter, architect son of Sir Edward Poynter P.R.A., to significantly extend Cubitt's work to create the present-day house. Sir Clinton, however died in 1905, shortly after its completion.[5]

The estate was then bought in 1906 by William McEwan, for his daughter, Margaret Greville.[2] Architects Charles Mewès and Arthur Davis, who were responsible for the Ritz Hotel in London, remodelled the house for the Grevilles. The couple filled the house with collections of fine furniture, porcelain, silver and art.[2] Ronald Greville died in 1908 only two years after they had moved to Polesden Lacey. He was aged 46.[6]

Margaret continued to entertain lavishly at the house. She also owned a home in London in which she held expensive parties. Over the next 30 years her reputation as an Edwardian society hostess became established.[2]

Royal honeymoon at Polesden Lacey in 1923Edit

In 1923 Margaret invited the Duke and Duchess of York to spend their honeymoon at Polesden Lacey and the royal couple subsequently spent two weeks there. Shortly before their arrival, the Illustrated London News took photographs of the house and published a large feature article about the proposed honeymoon venue.[7]

National Trust ownership (1942 – present)Edit

 
West facade

Polesden Lacey was left to the National Trust by Mrs Greville in 1942 in memory of her father, the brewer William McEwan.[8] (She was his illegitimate daughter and sole heir.[9]) The bequest included approximately 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land along with paintings and items of furniture, which she hoped would form the basis of a future art gallery.[8] Her jewellery collection was bequeathed to Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.[10]

The house was first opened to the public by the Trust in 1948.[11] In August 1960, a fire destroyed around half of the roof of the property. Several ground floor ceilings were damaged by water during attempts to extinguish the blaze,[12] however the collection of art and furniture was rescued by estate workers.[12][13] The cost of repairs, some £65,000, was covered by insurance and the house reopened to the public on 9 June 1962.[14]

In 1995 the National Trust embarked on a programme of restoration and renovation.[3] In 2008/9 the visitor facilities were re-furbished, with a new car park, cafe, shop and farm shop. However, not all of the house is open to the public, including many bedrooms and servants' areas.[15] From the 1970s to 2015, some of these closed off spaces are used as offices; there is hope that more will be restored and opened for visitors in the future. This process began in March 2011, with the opening of Mrs Greville's private apartment.[16]

Polesden Lacey received over 287,000 visitors in 2020/21, placing it in the Trust's top ten most-visited properties.[17]

EstateEdit

There are a number of walks around the Polesden Lacey estate, especially in the valley that the main house overlooks.[18] The estate includes a Youth Hostel, called Tanners Hatch.[19]

Polesden Lacey also has open-air performing facilities, which are used during the summer to host various musical and theatrical events. In 2009 there was the Polesden Lacey Festival.[20] In 2016 a campsite was opened on the estate.[21]

MediaEdit

  • The gardens of this house (and the surrounding countryside) were used as a location for the 1991 Stephen Poliakoff film Close My Eyes.[22]
  • The front of this house was used as a location for the 1997 film Shooting Fish.[23]
  • In May 2013, the BBC programme Antiques Roadshow returned to Surrey for the first time since 2009 to film at Polesden Lacey. This was part of Series 36.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Currie, CK (2000). "Polesden Lacey and Ranmore Common estates, near Dorking: an archaeological and historical survey" (PDF). Surrey Archaeological Collections. 87: 49–84. doi:10.5284/1069268.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Akeroyd, Simon (2018). Polesden Lacey, Surrey : a souvenir guide. Vicky Bevan, National Trust. Swindon, Wilts. pp. 2–3, 6–7. ISBN 978-1-84359-492-5. OCLC 925365106.
  3. ^ a b "History of Polesden Lacey". National Trust. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
  4. ^ "POLESDEN LACEY, Non Civil Parish - 1000300 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  5. ^ The Times, Monday, Dec 04, 1905; pg. 9; Issue 37881; col E
  6. ^ "Captain The Hon. Ronald Greville". The Times. No. 38613. London. 6 April 1908. p. 6.
  7. ^ Illustrated London News (London, England), Saturday, 28 April 1923
  8. ^ a b "Polesden Lacey for the Nation". The Times. No. 49402. London. 25 November 1942. p. 7.
  9. ^ Donnachie, Ian (2004). "McEwan, William (1827–1913)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50416. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. ^ "A Fabergé egg and a jade frog: treasures of Polesden Lacey". the Guardian. 24 April 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  11. ^ Evans, Siân (17 September 2013). Mrs Ronnie: The Society Hostess Who Collected Kings. National Trust. ISBN 978-1-909881-00-6.
  12. ^ a b "Art treasures saved in mansion fire". The Times. No. 54867. London. 3 September 1960. p. 6.
  13. ^ "The fire at Polesden Lacey". The Times. No. 54867. London. 3 September 1960. p. 14.
  14. ^ "Polesden Lacey reopened". The Times. No. 554123. London. 8 June 1962. p. 7.
  15. ^ "Discover the house". National Trust. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Plans for the future". National Trust. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  17. ^ "National Trust Annual Report 2020/21" (PDF). National Trust. 2021.
  18. ^ "Polesden Lacey estate walks". National Trust. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  19. ^ "Tanners Hatch – theglade.net". www.theglade.net. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  20. ^ "National Trust – Polesden Lacey Festival 2009". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009.
  21. ^ Nightingale-DNU, Laura (25 April 2016). "Happy campers! You can now pitch a tent at Polesden Lacey". SurreyLive. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Close My Eyes (1991) Filming & Production". IMDb. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Shooting Fish (1997) Filming & Production". IMDb. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  24. ^ "Polesden Lacey". BBC Antiques Roadshow. Archived from the original on 16 October 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2018.

External linksEdit