Point Mugu

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Point Mugu /mˈɡ/, California (Ventureño: Muwu, "Beach"[2]) is a cape or promontory within Point Mugu State Park on the Pacific Coast in Ventura County, near the city of Port Hueneme and the city of Oxnard. The name is believed to be derived from the Chumash Indian term "Muwu", meaning "beach", which was first mentioned by Cabrillo in his journals in 1542.[3] Mugu Lagoon is a salt marsh just upcoast from the promontory within the Naval Base Ventura County formerly called the Naval Air Station Point Mugu.[4]

Point Mugu
Point Mugu September 2013 013.jpg
View of Pacific Ocean at Point Mugu
Map showing the location of Point Mugu
Map showing the location of Point Mugu
Location within California
LocationPoint Mugu State Park, Ventura County, California
Coordinates34°5′8″N 119°3′36″W / 34.08556°N 119.06000°W / 34.08556; -119.06000Coordinates: 34°5′8″N 119°3′36″W / 34.08556°N 119.06000°W / 34.08556; -119.06000
Offshore water bodiesPacific Ocean
Elevation46 feet (14 m)[1]
GNIS feature ID247643[1]

HistoryEdit

The name derives from Muwu (Ventureño: "Beach"),[5][6] which was the name of a Chumash village at Point Mugu during pre-colonial times. The village of Muwu (CA-VEN-11[clarification needed]) had the highest population of any coastal Chumash settlements along the Santa Monica Mountains.[7] Muwu was a ceremonial center and the ancient capital of Lulapin, a major political unit of Chumash territory which stretched from modern day Los Angeles County to Santa Barbara in the north. The territory stretched for 60 mi (97 km) along the coast, and at least half as far inland.[8] Mission records indicate that 191 inhabitants were baptized in Muwu, more than any other Chumash village by the Santa Monica Mountains. The last chief of Muwu, Mariano Wataitset, son of Halashu (Big Chief of Muwu), was baptized at Mission San Buenaventura in 1802.[9]

Mugu RockEdit

 
Mugu Rock, seen from the northwest

Mugu Rock is a distinctive feature of the coastal headland promontory that has been featured in many film shoots and television commercials. This igneous dike marks the western end of the Santa Monica Mountains, and the Rancho Guadalasca boundary. The rock was formed when the roadway was cut through the near-vertical ridge of resistant volcanic rock in 1937. A route had been blasted out around the promontory in 1923–24 to complete Pacific Coast Highway between Malibu and the Oxnard Plain. This replaced a narrow path around the rock and much of that roadway has since eroded away.[10]

The site is a popular but dangerous place for fishing, sightseeing, cliff diving, and rock climbing up the sheer sides of the rock.[11] On Thanksgiving Day 2008, three young men from Oxnard were swept to sea and killed by a rogue wave while surf watching from Mugu Rock.[12]

Directly east of Mugu Rock is Point Mugu State Beach Campsite.[13] The park has 5 miles (8 km) of shoreline and more than 70 miles (110 km) of hiking trails.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Point Mugu
  2. ^ McCall, Lynne; Perry, Rosalind (2002). California’s Chumash Indians : a project of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Education Center (Revised ed.). San Luis Obispo, Calif: EZ Nature Books. ISBN 0936784156.
  3. ^ Navy Pt Magu Archived February 12, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Polakovic, Gary (September 11, 1998). "Point Mugu Navy Base Gets OK to Fortify Against Natural Foe". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  5. ^ Green, Mitchell (2017). The Rock Formations of California. Lulu, Inc. Page 55. ISBN 9781387146758.
  6. ^ Lockeretz, David (2010). The Nobody Hikes in L.A. Guidebook. Lulu, Inc. Page 15. ISBN 9780557880256.
  7. ^ Gamble, Lynn H. (2011). The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers. University of California Press. Page 108. ISBN 9780520271241.
  8. ^ Fowler, William R. (1991). The Formation of Complex Society in Southeastern Mesoamerica. CRC Press. Page 103. ISBN 9780849388316.
  9. ^ Gamble, Lynn H. (2011). The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers. University of California Press. Page 105. ISBN 9780520271241.
  10. ^ Masters, Nathan (July 28, 2014). "When PCH Blasted through Point Mugu". Lost LA. KCET. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  11. ^ John Scheibe (2008-01-16). "Despite hazard, Mugu Rock cliff is a lure for fishermen". Ventura County Star. Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  12. ^ "3 who died off Point Mugu are ID'd". Los Angeles Times. 2008-11-29.
  13. ^ "Point Mugu State Beach Camping | Best Places to Camp in Los Angeles". Go Hike It. 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08.
  14. ^ "Point Mugu State Park" California Department of Parks and Recreation