Pluteo 29.1, also known as Pluteus 29.1, or simply the Florence Manuscript, is an illuminated manuscript in the Laurentian Library of Florence.

The manuscript is believed to have been produced by the workshop of Johannes Grusch in Paris during the mid-thirteenth century, probably between 1245 and 1255.[1] It contains the largest extant collection of music in the Notre-Dame style,[2] mainly organa, conductus, and motets. The illumination consists of thirteen historiated initials and one full-page miniature which serves as its frontispiece.

The manuscript was issued in facsimile by Institute of Medieval Music in 1967.

Folio 150 verso of Pluteo 29.1, showing the clausula "Nusmido," the earliest known example of retrograde in music

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ The School of Notre-Dame by Juan Carlos Asensio ([1], retrieved 2008-06-20)
  2. ^ Scholastic Imagery in The Florence Manuscript by George Catalano, Essays in Medieval Studies 7, p. 41-50 ([2], retrieved 2008-06-20).

Further readingEdit

  • Facsimile reproduction of the manuscript Firenze, Biblioteca mediceo-laurenziana, Pluteo 29, edited by Luther Dittmer. Publications of Mediaeval Musical Manuscripts, no. 10–11. Brooklyn: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1966–67.
  • Masani Ricci, Massimo. Codice Pluteo 29.1 della Biblioteca Laurenziana di Firenze: storia e catalogo comparato. Pisa: Edizioni ETS, 2002. ISBN 88-467-0547-5

External linksEdit