Plimoth Patuxet

(Redirected from Plimoth Plantation)

Plimoth Patuxet is a complex of living history museums in Plymouth, Massachusetts founded in 1947, formerly Plimoth Plantation. It replicates the original settlement of the Plymouth Colony established in the 17th century by the English colonists who became known as the Pilgrims. They were among the first people who emigrated to America to seek religious separation from the Church of England.[1] It is a not-for-profit museum supported by administrations, contributions, grants, and volunteers.[2] The recreations are based upon a wide variety of first-hand and second-hand records, accounts, articles, and period paintings and artifacts,[3] and the museum conducts ongoing research and scholarship, including historical archaeological excavation and curation locally and abroad.[4]

The recreated 17th-century village at Plimoth Patuxet
Another view of the recreated 17th-century village

In the English Village section of the museum, trained first-person ("historical") interpreters speak, act, and dress appropriately for the period,[5] interacting with visitors by answering questions, discussing their lives and viewpoints, and participating in tasks such as cooking, planting, and animal husbandry. Third-person ("modern") interpreters answer guests' questions that the first-person interpreters cannot.[6] The English Village represents the year 1627 through most of the museum season (which lasts from early April to late November), depicting day-to-day life and seasonal activities. In November, the English Village typically represents the year 1621, which is the year of the first Thanksgiving to take place in Plymouth Colony.

History edit

Mayflower II

Henry Hornblower II started the museum in 1947 with help and support from friends, family, and business associates as two English cottages and a fort on Plymouth's waterfront. Since then, the museum has grown to include a Mayflower II replica (1957), the English Village (1959), the Wampanoag Homesite (1973), the Hornblower Visitor Center (1987), the Craft Center (1992), the Maxwell and Nye Barns (1994), and the Plimoth Grist Mill (2013).[7] Alongside the settlement is a recreation of a Wampanoag home site, where Indians from a variety of tribes explain and demonstrate how the Wampanoags' ancestors lived.[8]

The museum grounds at Plimoth Patuxet also include Nye Barn where historical breeds of livestock are kept, a crafts center where many objects are created for use in the village exhibits, a cinema where educational videos are shown, a Colonial Education site for youth and adult groups, and a visitors' center with indoor exhibits and educational programs. The two houses on the Colonial Education site were built for the PBS show Colonial House, which was filmed in Maine. Following the filming, the museum disassembled the houses and reconstructed them at on their current site.[9] The roof of the Cooke House was destroyed by a fire from a fireplace on November 19, 2011, and the building had to be demolished.[10]

Mayflower II is docked near Plymouth Rock and is also under the care of the museum. Museum employees in modern dress interpret history to guests from a third-person perspective.

Name change edit

In July 2020, officials announced that the museum would be renamed,[11] noting that their plan "for some time, has been to announce a new name for the Museum later this year as we commemorate the 400th anniversary (1620–2020) of the Pilgrims' arrival on the shores of historic Patuxet."[12] It coincided with a wave of name changes caused by the George Floyd protests that year meant to be more inclusive.[13] Officials stated that discussions had been ongoing for more than a year to assess whether the existing name reflected "the full, multivalent history that is at the core of the museum’s mission."[12] While a new name was not yet revealed, the museum began using a new logo that read "Plimoth Patuxet" instead of "Plimoth Plantation."[12][11]

Images edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Plymouth Ma – Its History And People
  2. ^ About Plimoth Plantation Archived 2010-05-26 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Behind the Scenes articles". Archived from the original on May 29, 2008. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  4. ^ "Colonial Archeology at Plimoth Plantation". Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  5. ^ Glossary: First-Person Interpretation
  6. ^ "1624 English Village FAQs". Archived from the original on November 28, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  7. ^ "About Us".
  8. ^ Marcelo, Philip (August 10, 2022). "Native Americans urge boycott of 'tone deaf' Pilgrim museum". AP News. Retrieved August 10, 2022.
  9. ^ The Colonial Educational Site at Plimoth Plantation in Plymouth Massachusetts
  10. ^ "Fire ruins Plimoth Plantation house". The Boston Globe. 20 November 2011. ISSN 0743-1791. LCCN sn83045150. OCLC 66652431. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2022. Firefighters quickly put out the blaze at the Cooke House, but the fire "ate up the whole roof by the time we got there," battalion chief Dean DelTorro said. No one was injured. Donovan said the building will be torn down.
  11. ^ a b Phillips, Lucas (12 July 2020). "Plimoth Plantation to undergo a name change". The Boston Globe. ISSN 0743-1791. LCCN sn83045150. OCLC 66652431. Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2022. The announcement came amid a wave of calls for renaming buildings and removing monuments across the country as part of a critical look at the United States' history of race, which the museum called an "inflection point."
  12. ^ a b c "Commemorating 400 Years, Reflecting On Our Mission" (Press release). Plimoth Patuxet. 6 July 2020. Archived from the original on 22 November 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2022. Our plan, for some time, has been to announce a new name for the Museum later this year as we commemorate the 400th anniversary (1620-2020) of the Pilgrims' arrival on the shores of historic Patuxet. In the meantime, we are using a special mark as part of this year's commemoration. You'll see this reflected in much of our signage and on our social media accounts.
  13. ^ "Plimoth Plantation Name Change Will Better Represent Indigenous People". WBZ News. Plymouth. 13 July 2020. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2022. Plimoth Plantation, the first colonial settlement in New England will be changing their name later this year. The move will drop the word "plantation" and be represent the living museum's history, they say. "The name change is something we've been considering at the museum for over a year," said Kate Sheehan, associate director of media relations and marketing at Plimoth Plantation.

External links edit

41°56′20.64″N 70°37′33.69″W / 41.9390667°N 70.6260250°W / 41.9390667; -70.6260250