A plank is timber that is flat, elongated, and rectangular with parallel faces that are higher and longer than wide. Used primarily in carpentry, planks are critical in the construction of ships, houses, bridges, and many other structures.[1] Planks also serve as supports to form shelves and tables.

A plank used in the repair of a ship
Cutting a log into planks in a sawmill

Usually made from sawed timber, planks are usually more than 1+12 in (38 mm) thick, and are generally wider than 2+12 in (64 mm). In the United States, planks can be any length and are generally a minimum of 2×8 (1+12 in × 7+14 in or 38 mm × 184 mm), but planks that are 2×10 (1+12 in × 9+14 in or 38 mm × 235 mm) and 2×12 (1+12 in × 11+14 in or 38 mm × 286 mm) are more commonly stocked by lumber retailers. Planks are often used as a work surface on elevated scaffolding, and need to be wide enough to provide strength without breaking when walked on. The wood is categorized as a board if its width is less than 2+12 in (64 mm), and its thickness is less than 1+12 in (38 mm).

A plank used in a building as a horizontal supporting member that runs between foundations, walls, or beams to support a ceiling or floor is called a joist.

The plank was the basis of maritime transport: wood floats on water, and abundant forests meant wooden logs could be easily obtained and processed, making planks the primary material in ship building. However, since the 20th century, wood has largely been supplanted in ship construction by iron and steel, to decrease cost and improve durability.[2]

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A plank that covers a third rail as a protection for those who fall off a platform

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  1. ^ Karen Bush Gibson (1 January 2005). Plank Houses. Capstone Press. pp. 5–. ISBN 978-0-7368-3725-5. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Iron and steel in ships". New South Wales Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 24 November 2013.