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Placenticeras is a genus of ammonites from the Late Cretaceous. Its fossils have been found in Asia, Europe, North and South America.

Placenticeras
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous
Placenticeras meeki.jpg
Placenticeras meeki
Scientific classification
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Placenticeras

Meek, 1870
Synonyms

Diplacmoceras

TaxonomyEdit

Placenticeras, named by Fielding Bradford Meek, 1870, is the type genus for the Placenticeratidae, a family that is part of the Hoplitoidea, a superfamily of the Ammonitida.

DescriptionEdit

Placenticeras has a very involute shell with slightly convex sides and a very narrow venter. Side are smooth or with faint sinuous ribs. Early whorls have umbilical tubercles that in later whorls appear higher on the sides. Earlier whorls normally have lower and fine upper ventrolateral clavi. Ornament weakens in the adult and the last whorl may be smooth. The suture is with numerous adventitious and autxiliary elements, with saddles and lobes that are much frilled.

SpeciesEdit

 
P. whitfieldi showing punctures caused by the bite of a mosasaur

Species list according to [1]:

  • Placenticeras bidorsatum
  • Placenticeras cumminsi
  • Placenticeras fritschi
  • Placenticeras grossouvrei
  • Placenticeras kolbajense
  • Placenticeras maherndli
  • Placenticeras mediasiaticum
  • Placenticeras memoriaschloenbachi
  • Placenticeras meeki
  • Placenticeras orbignyanum
  • Placenticeras paraplanum
  • Placenticeras placenta
  • Placenticeras polyopsis
  • Placenticeras pseudoplacenta
  • Placenticeras semiornatum
  • Placenticeras syrtale (syn. Stantonoceras pseudocostatum)
  • Placenticeras tamulicum
  • Placenticeras vredenburgi
  • Placenticeras whitfieldi

ReferencesEdit

  • Arkell et al., 1957, Mesozoic Ammonoidea, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part L. Geological Soc. of America, Univ of Kansas Press. R.C. Moore, (Ed)
  • W. A. Cobban and Hook, S. C. 1983 Mid-Cretaceous (Turonian) ammonite fauna from Fence Lake area of west-central New Mexico. Memoir 41, New Mexico Bureau of Mines&Mineral Resources, Socorro NM.
  • W. A. Cobban and Hook, S. C. 1979, Collignoniceras woollgari wooollgari (Mantell) ammonite fauna from Upper Cretaceous of Western Interior, United States. Memoir 37, New Mexico Bureau of Mines&Mineral Resources, Socorro NM.
  • Discovering Fossils: How to Find and Identify Remains of the Prehistoric Past (Fossils & Dinosaurs) by Frank A. Garcia, Donald S. Miller, and Jasper Burns
  • Placenticeras in the Paleobiology Database