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Coordinates: 38°40′53″N 22°22′38″E / 38.6815°N 22.3773°E / 38.6815; 22.3773 Pindos or Pindus (Greek: Πίνδος), also called Acyphas or Akyphas (Ἀκύφας), was an ancient city and polis (city-state)[1] of Greece, one of the towns of the tetrapolis of Doris, situated upon a river of the same name, which flows into the Cephissus near Lilaea. Strabo, Theopompus, and Stephanus of Byzantium call the city Akyphas.[2] In one passage Strabo says that Pindus lay above Erineus, and in another he places it in the district of Oetaea; it is, therefore, probable that the town stood in the upper part of the valley, near the sources of the river in the mountain.[3][4][5][6][7]

The ancient city was situated at a site called Ano Kastelli or Pyrgos,[8][9] approximately 2.1 miles (3.4 km) southwest of Kastellia, and approximately 2.8 miles (4.5 km) northwest of Gravia.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Doris". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 674–675. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  2. ^ Steph. B. s. v. Ἀκύφας.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. ix. pp. 427, 434. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Scymn. Ch. 591; Schol, ad Pind. Pyth. i. 121.
  5. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. 2.3.
  6. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.7.13.
  7. ^ William Martin Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 92.)
  8. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  9. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 55, and directory notes accompanying.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Pindus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

See alsoEdit