Pimenta racemosa

Pimenta racemosa is a species of plant in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) that is native to the Caribbean region. Common names include West Indian bay tree,[2] bay rum tree,[2] and ciliment. It is used in cooking and an essential oil is distilled to produce a fragrant cologne called bay rum; although bay rum is primarily rum, the concentrated essential oil from the fruit is toxic and renders the product undrinkable.[3] The leaves as often used for tea purposes. The tree is 4–12 m tall and the white flowers, about 10 mm wide, become black, oval fruits measuring 7–12 mm.[4] The plants are now grown widely in other tropical areas, including Oceania. The ideal conditions for P. racemosa are regular irrigation and bright sunshine.

Pimenta racemosa
Myrcia acris.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Pimenta
P. racemosa
Binomial name
Pimenta racemosa
(Mill.) J.W.Moore
    • Amomis acris (Sw.) O.Berg
    • Amomis anisomera Urb. & Ekman
    • Amomis caryophyllata Krug & Urb.
    • Amomis grisea (Kiaersk.) Britton
    • Amomis hispaniolensis Urb.
    • Amomis oblongata O.Berg
    • Amomis ozua Urb. & Ekman
    • Amomis pauciflora Urb.
    • Amomis pimento O.Berg
    • Amomis pimentoides O.Berg
    • Eugenia tabasco (Willd. ex Schltdl. & Cham.) G.Don
    • Myrcia acris (Sw.) DC.
    • Myrcia pimentoides DC.
    • Myrtus acris Sw.
    • Myrtus caryophyllata Jacq. nom. illeg.
    • Myrtus citrifolia Poir.
    • Myrtus pimentoides (DC.) T.Nees
    • Pimenta acris (Sw.) Kostel.
    • Pimenta acuminata Bello
    • Pimenta anisomera (Urb. & Ekman) Burret
    • Pimenta citrifolia (Poir.) Kostel.
    • Pimenta crenulata Alain
    • Pimenta hispaniolensis (Urb.) Burret
    • Pimenta officinalis var. cumanensis O. Berg
    • Pimenta ozua (Urb. & Ekman) Burret
    • Pimenta pauciflora (Urb.) Burret
    • Pimenta pimento Griseb.
    • Pimenta tabasco (Willd. ex Schltdl. & Cham.) Lundell
    • Pimenta terebinthina Burret
    • Pimentus cotinifolia Raf.


Pimenta racemosa is widely introduced and can become an invasive weed.[4][5]


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species".
  2. ^ a b "Pimenta racemosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2012-08-23.
  3. ^ desert-tropicals.com: West Indian Bay Tree, Bay Rum Tree
  4. ^ a b Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): Myrtaceae: Pimenta racemosa (by J.W.Moore)
  5. ^ "USDA PLANTS Profile".

External linksEdit

  Data related to Pimenta racemosa at Wikispecies   Media related to Pimenta racemosa at Wikimedia Commons