The Pickering Baronetcy, of Titchmarsh in the County of Northampton, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 5 June 1638 for Gilbert Pickering, subsequently a member of the English Council of State during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell. The third baronet sat as a Knight of the Shire for Leicestershire. The fourth baronet represented Mitchell in Parliament. The title became extinct on his death in 1749. John Pickering, brother of the first baronet, also fought as a Parliamentarian in the First English Civil War.
The Pickering Baronetcy, of Whaddon in the County of Cambridge, was created in the Baronetage of England on 2 January 1661 for Henry Pickering, Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire. His son, the second baronet, represented Morpeth and Cambridge in Parliament. The title became extinct on the latter's death in 1705.