Trible studied at Meredith College and Union Theological Seminary, writing her dissertation at Union under James Muilenburg, who had generated a method of studying the Hebrew Bible based on form criticism that became known as rhetorical criticism, and whose approach Trible developed and applied throughout career, adding her own pioneering Christian feminist perspective to biblical scholarship.:158-159
Trible taught at Wake Forest University and Andover Newton Theological School before going back to Union Seminary, where she was appointed the Baldwin Professor of Sacred Literature in 1980. She left Union in 1998 to become associate dean and professor of Biblical studies of the new Wake Forest University School of Divinity in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. She served in those roles until 2001, when she was appointed University Professor at Wake Forest, and served in that role until she retired in 2012.
Trible served as president of the Society of Biblical Literature in 1994. Athalya Brenner calls her one of the "prominent matriarchs of contemporary feminist bible criticism", and suggests that her 1973 article "Depatriarchalizing in Biblical Interpretation", "should be considered as the honored mother of feminist Song of Songs scholarship." According to John J. Collins, "Phyllis Trible, more than any other scholar, put feminist criticism on the agenda of biblical scholarship in the 1970s."
In 1998 she donated her papers to Burke Library's Archives of Women in Theological Scholarship in 1998, and added more papers subsequently; the papers formed the foundation of the collection.
- Selected articles
- Trible, Phyllis (1973). "Depatriarchalizing in Biblical Interpretation". Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 41 (1): 30–48. JSTOR 1461386.
- Trible, Phyllis (1975). "Wisdom Builds a Poem: The Architecture of Proverbs 1:20-33". Journal of Biblical Literature. 94 (4): 509–518. doi:10.2307/3265433. JSTOR 3265433.
- Trible, Phyllis (1976). "Two Women in a Man's World: A Reading of the Book of Ruth". Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal. 59 (3): 251–279. JSTOR 41177998.
- Trible, Phyllis (1987). "A Daughter's Death: Literary Criticism, Feminism, and the Bible". In O'Connor, Michael Patrick; Freedman, David Noel. Backgrounds for the Bible. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns. pp. 1–14. ISBN 978-0931464300. OCLC 869179345.
- Trible, Phyllis (1991). "The Bible in Bloom". The Iowa Review. 21 (3): 19–32. JSTOR 20153165.
- Trible, Phyllis (1995). "Exegesis for Storytellers and Other Strangers". Journal of Biblical Literature. 114 (1): 3–19. doi:10.2307/3266587. JSTOR 3266587.
- Trible, Phyllis (1978). God and the rhetoric of sexuality (1st ed.). Philadelphia: Fortress Press. ISBN 0800604644.
- Trible, Phyllis (1984). Texts of terror : literary-feminist readings of Biblical narratives (2. pr ed.). Philadelphia: Fortress Press. ISBN 978-0800615376.
- Phyllis., Trible, (1994). Rhetorical criticism : context, method, and the book of Jonah. Fortress Press. ISBN 9780800627980.
- "Archives of Women in Theological Scholarship: Phyllis Trible". Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Tull, Patricia K. (1999). "Chapter 8: Rhetorical Criticism and Intertextuality". In Haynes, Stephen R.; McKenzie, Steven L. To each its own meaning : an introduction to biblical criticisms and their applications (Rev. and expanded. ed.). Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 978-0664257842.
- "Finding Aid for Phyllis Trible Papers, 1954-2015" (PDF). Archives of Women in Theological Scholarship The Burke Library Columbia University Libraries Union Theological Seminary, New York. 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Vater, Ann M. (1980). "Review of God and the Rhetoric of Sexuality". Journal of Biblical Literature. 99 (1): 131–133. doi:10.2307/3265712. JSTOR 3265712.
- "History". Wake Forest University School of Diviinity. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012.
- Brenner, Athalya. "Quo Vadis Domina? Reflections on What We Have Become and Want to Be". lectio difficilor. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Collins, John J. (2005). The Bible After Babel: Historical Criticism in a Postmodern Age. Eerdmans. p. 78. Retrieved 31 October 2015.