Phraates (son of Phraates IV)

Phraates (Parthian: 𐭐𐭓𐭇𐭕 Frahāt) was a Parthian prince, who was one of the eldest sons of Phraates IV (r. 37–2 BC).

In 10/9 BC, seeking to secure the throne for her son Phraataces, Musa convinced Phraates IV to send his four first-born sons (Vonones, Phraates, Seraspandes and Rhodaspes) to Rome in order to prevent conflict over his succession.[1] The Roman emperor Augustus used this as propaganda depicting the submission of Parthia to Rome, listing it as a great accomplishment in his Res Gestae Divi Augusti.[2] During his stay in Rome, Phraates was the patron of a temple at Nemi, possibly devoted to Isis.[3] In 35 AD, Phraates attempted to take the Parthian throne from Artabanus II, but died from illness shortly after reaching the Parthian realm.[4]


  1. ^ Kia 2016, p. 198; Strugnell 2008, pp. 284–285; Dąbrowa 2012, p. 173; Schippmann 1986, pp. 525–536
  2. ^ Bivar 1983, p. 67; Brosius 2006, pp. 96–99
  3. ^ Strugnell 2008, p. 285.
  4. ^ Dąbrowa 2017, pp. 175–176.


  • Bivar, A.D.H. (1983). "The Political History of Iran Under the Arsacids". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3(1): The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 21–99. ISBN 0-521-20092-X.
  • Brosius, Maria (2006), The Persians: An Introduction, London & New York: Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-32089-4
  • Dąbrowa, Edward (2012). "The Arsacid Empire". In Daryaee, Touraj (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History. Oxford University Press. pp. 1–432. ISBN 978-0-19-987575-7. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2020-03-19.
  • Dąbrowa, Edward (2017). "Tacitus on the Parthians": 171–189. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Kia, Mehrdad (2016). The Persian Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1610693912.
  • Schippmann, K. (1986). "Arsacids ii. The Arsacid dynasty". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 5. pp. 525–536.
  • Strugnell, Emma (2008). "Thea Musa, Roman Queen of Parthia". Iranica Antiqua. 43: 275–298. doi:10.2143/IA.43.0.2024051.