The Phoenix Society, a mutual aid society for African Americans, "an organization dedicated to 'morals, literature and the mechanical arts'", was founded in 1833 by Samuel Cornish, Theodore Wright, Peter Williams Jr., and Christopher Rush. They had support from the philanthropist brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan. They set up the Phoenix High School for Colored Youth, first for boys, where Henry Highland Garnet studied, followed quickly by a high school for girls.: 82
- Hembree, Michael F. (1996). "Wright, Theodore Sedgwick". Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019 – via encyclopedia.com.
- Williams, Jr., Donald E (2014). Prudence Crandall's legacy : the fight for equality in the 1830s, Dred Scott, and Brown v. Board of Education. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 9780819574701.