Philip II (Roman emperor)

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Philip II (Latin: Marcus Julius Severus Philippus; 237 – 249), also known as Philip the Younger, was the son and heir of the Roman Emperor Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa.

Philip II
Augustus
Bust of Philip II (emperor) in Venice.jpg
Roman emperor
Reign247–249
PredecessorPhilip the Arab (alone)
SuccessorDecius and Herennius Etruscus
Co-emperorPhilip the Arab
Born237
Died249 (aged 12)
Rome
Names
Marcus Julius Severus Philippus
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Severus Philippus Augustus
FatherPhilip the Arab
MotherMarcia Otacilia Severa

When his father became emperor in 244, the younger Philip was appointed caesar. In 247 he became consul, and was later elevated by his father to the rank of augustus and co-ruler.[1] Their reign took place during the thousandth anniversary of the founding of Rome, and great games and spectacles were planned for the celebration.[2]

Ancient historians say that Philip the Arab and Philip II were both killed in battle by Decius in 249.[3] Modern historians say that when news of Philip the Arab's death reached Rome, Philip II was murdered by the Praetorian Guard at the age of twelve.[1][3][4] Philip II was sole ruler of the empire for the fall of 249.[3] He was less than 12 years old when he became emperor.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b   Ramsay, William (1870). "Philippus II., M. Julius". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3. p. 273.
  2. ^ Eutropius, Breviarium Historiae Romanae, IX, 3.
  3. ^ a b c d Pohlsander, Hans A. "Did Decius Kill the Philippi?". Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte. 31 – via JSTOR.
  4. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus. xxviii.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Philippus II at Wikimedia Commons

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip the Arab
Roman Emperor
247–249
Served alongside: Philip the Arab
Succeeded by
Decius
Political offices
Preceded by
Gaius Bruttius Praesens,
Gaius Allius Albinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
247–248
with Philip the Arab
Succeeded by
Lucius Fulvius Gavius Numisius Aemilianus,
Lucius Naevius Aquilinus