Sir Philip Honywood

  (Redirected from Philip Honywood (senior))

General Sir Philip Honywood KB (also spelled Honeywood; c.1677 – 17 June 1752) was a British Army officer.

BiographyEdit

He was born the second son of Charles Ludovic Honywood of Charing, Kent.

He entered the Army as an ensign in James Stanley's regiment of foot on 12 June 1694,[1] and served under King William III in the Netherlands.[2] He was promoted to captain in the Royal Fusiliers on 1 April 1696, and captain in the Earl of Huntingdon's newly raised regiment on 10 March 1702.[1] In the reign of Queen Anne he shared in the toils and dangers of two campaigns in Brabant under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and afterward transferred his services to Spain. He was rewarded for his excellent conduct with the lieutenant-colonelcy of the regiment, now Wade's (and later the 33rd).[2] On 27 May 1709 he was promoted to the colonelcy of the 92nd Regiment, which was disbanded in 1712,[3][4] and in 1710 he obtained the rank of brigadier-general.[2]

He was a zealous and warm-hearted advocate for the Protestant succession, and on the formation of a new ministry which was believed to be favourable to the interests of the Pretender, Honywood, Lieutenant-General Meredith and Major-General Macartney were guilty of drinking at a public dinner in Flanders the toast of "Damnation and confusion to the new Ministry, and to those who had any hand in turning out the old", and they received an official intimation that the Queen had no further occasion for their services.[1][2] Four years afterwards a change of monarch took place: the ministers who had induced the Queen to deprive him of his commission were charged with high treason and fled to France, and Brigadier-General Honywood was rewarded for his attachment to the House of Hanover with the post of Groom of the Bedchamber in the household of the new King George I. He also received a commission on 22 July 1715 to raise, form and discipline a corps of cavalry, later the 11th Hussars. He served at the head of his regiment during the rebellion of the Earl of Mar, commanded a brigade at Preston, and was wounded at the storming of one of the avenues of the town, on which occasion he evinced signal valour and judgement.[2]

In 1719 Honywood commanded a brigade in the expedition against Spain, under Lieutenant-General Lord Cobham. He took possession of the town of Vigo with eight hundred men, and was afterwards engaged in the siege of the citadel, which surrendered in a few days. He was promoted to the rank of major-general in 1726, and in 1727 he was placed on the staff of the army held in readiness to embark for Holland.[2] On 29 May 1732, after commanding the 11th Dragoons seventeen years, he was removed to the 3rd Dragoons,[2][4] and in 1735 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general.[2]

In 1742 a British force was sent to Flanders under Honywood, who held the chief command of the troops until the arrival of the Earl of Stair.[3][4] In the following year he was promoted to the rank of general,[2] and on 18 April 1743 he was appointed colonel of the King's Horse, later 1st Dragoon Guards.[3] At the battle of Dettingen one division of the army was commanded by Honywood, and he led the Royal Horse Guards and the King's Horse to the charge with great gallantry. He served in the subsequent campaigns on the Continent with distinction, and with the approbation of his Sovereign, by whom he was advanced to the dignity of Knight of the Order of the Bath. He died in 1752, and was interred with military honours at Portsmouth, of which place he was Governor at the time of his decease.[3][4]

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Historical Records of the British Army by Richard Cannon.

External linksEdit

A. A. Hanham, "Honywood, Sir Philip (c.1677–1752)" in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/89501 (subscription needed)

Military offices
Preceded by
Roger Townshend
Colonel of Honywood's Regiment of Foot
1709–1710
Succeeded by
Jasper Clayton
Preceded by
New regiment
Colonel of Honywood's Regiment of Dragoons
1715–1732
Succeeded by
Lord Mark Kerr
Preceded by
Robert Sterne
Governor of Duncannon Fort
1728–1735
Succeeded by
The Lord Cathcart
Preceded by
The Lord Carpenter
Colonel of the King's Regiment of Dragoons
1732–1743
Succeeded by
Humphrey Bland
Preceded by
Rich Russell
Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed
1735–1740
Succeeded by
Thomas Whetham
Preceded by
The Viscount Shannon
Governor of Portsmouth
1740–1752
Succeeded by
Henry Hawley
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Colonel of the King's Regiment of Horse
1743–1752
Succeeded by
Humphrey Bland