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Philip (Greek: Φίλιππoς; died 325 BC), son of Machatas and brother of Harpalus, was an officer in the service of Alexander the Great, who in 327 BC was appointed by Alexander as satrap of India, including the provinces westward of the Hydaspes, as far south as the junction of the Indus with the Acesines.[1] After the conquest of the Malli and Oxydracae, these tribes also were added to his government.[2]

Philip
AlexanderIndiaMap.jpg
Philip ruled the northern dominions of the Indus, down to the junction of the Indus and the Acesines

Philip was put in charge by Alexander of building the city of Alexandria on the Indus.

The territory south of the junction of the Indus with the Acesines to the sea was given to Oxyartes and Peithon, son of Agenor (Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander VI.15.4)

The historian Johann Gustav Droysen considers this Philip to have been the father of Antigonus, the king of Asia. It is certain at least that they were both of the family of the princes from Elimiotis.

DeathEdit

After the departure of Alexander from India, Philip was assassinated in 325 BC by a conspiracy formed among the mercenary troops under his command.[3][4] Alexander named Eudamus and Taxiles as rulers of his territories in replacement:

"Alexander dispatched letters to India to Eudamus and Taxilas telling them to take charge of the district formerly under Philip, until he himself sent a satrap to govern it." (Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander, VI.27.2)

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mookerji, Radha Kumud (1988) [first published in 1966], Chandragupta Maurya and his times (4th ed.), Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-0433-3
  • Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Philippus (6)", Boston, (1867)

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.