Phidylé is a mélodie by the French composer Henri Duparc, dedicated to his friend Ernest Chausson. It is a setting of a poem with the same title from Poèmes et poésies (1858) by the French Parnassian poet Leconte de Lisle.[a][2] Duparc first completed a setting for high male voice and piano (1882), and then orchestrated it (1891-1892).[3][4] The music, which shows the influence of Wagnerian voice leading and chromaticism,[5] progressively rises from languid tranquillity to the singer's triumphant climax, accompanied by heavy chords and tremolos in the piano, before a solo postlude for the piano which gradually dies to a pianissimo finish.[6] It has been suggested that Phidylé was inspired by Gabriel Fauré's 1870 mélodie Lydia, also a setting of a poem by Leconte de Lisle.[7]

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Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Note that Leconte de Lisle wrote another poem with the same title which he included in his Poèmes antiques. That poem was set by Reynaldo Hahn.[1]
  1. ^ Hahn, Reynaldo (1892). "A Phidylé". imslp.org. & also no.9 in Hahn, Reynaldo (1900). "Études latines". imslp.org.
  2. ^ Lisle, Leconte de (1858). Poésies complètes (in French). Poulet-Malassis et De Broise. p. 241.
  3. ^ François-Sappey, Brigitte; Cantagrel, Gilles (1994). Guide de la mélodie et du lied (in French). Fayard. p. 269. ISBN 9782213639482.
  4. ^ Northcote, Sydney (1949). The Songs of Henri Duparc. Read Books Ltd. ISBN 9781447492757.
  5. ^ Grey, Thomas S. (2008). The Cambridge Companion to Wagner. Cambridge University Press. p. 372. ISBN 9781139825948.
  6. ^ Meister, Barbara (1998). Nineteenth-century French Song: Fauré, Chausson, Duparc, and Debussy. Indiana University Press. p. 261. ISBN 0253211751.
  7. ^ Johnson, Graham (2009). Gabriel Faure. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 64. ISBN 9780754659600.