The Peugeot armoured car was a four-wheeled armoured vehicle based on a commercial Peugeot truck that was quickly developed by the French in 1914 for use during the First World War.

Peugeot armoured car
TypeArmoured car
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1914–39
Used byFrance
Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
WarsFirst World War
Polish–Soviet War
Second World War
Production history
No. built270
Mass5 t (4.9 long tons; 5.5 short tons)
Length4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)
Width1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)
Height2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
Crew3 or 4

AM - 1 x 8mm Hotchkiss M1914 MG
AC - 1 x 37mm Hotchkiss M1887 gun
EnginePeugeot 4-cylinder petrol
40 hp (30 kW) at 2,500 rpm
DriveWheeled 4x2
140 km (87 mi)
Maximum speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
ReferencesBishop[1] and Forty & Livesey.[2]

Design edit

The Peugeot armoured car was built in two main versions, the Peugeot AM ("automitrailleuse") was armed with an 8 mm (0.31 in) Hotchkiss Model 1914 machine gun, and the Peugeot AC ("autocannon") armed with a 37 mm (1.5 in) Hotchkiss M1887 gun. The two armaments were interchangeable and were mounted on a pivot mount fitted with a curved gun shield.[1][2][3]

The main production models of the Peugeot armoured car were built on the Peugeot 18 CV ("cheval-vapeur" or horsepower) type 146 or type 148 chassis. The Peugeot armoured car had a front mounted engine, driver in the middle and open topped fighting compartment at the rear. To support the additional weight of the armour and armament, the chassis and suspension were strengthened and double wheels were used on the rear. The driver’s position was protected by well sloped armour, the engine was armoured with steel shutters protecting the radiator.[1][2][3]

History edit

Early Peugeot armoured car with wooden sides

In the early months of the war, commercially acquired Peugeot type 153 tourers were hastily converted to open topped armoured cars by the addition of slab-sided 5.5 mm (0.22 in) thick armoured plates around the crew compartment and an unprotected rear fighting compartment with wooden sides with a central pivot mounted machine gun or 37mm Hotchkiss M1887 gun protected by a light gun shield, 120 were built.[1][3][4]

Later in the year a purpose designed version was developed, designed Captain Reynault it was based on the larger type 146 chassis. The new design provided armoured protection for the engine and fighting compartment and a more enclosed gun shield for the armament, although the top remained open. 150 were built, later in the production run the type 146 chassis was supplemented by the type 148 chassis.[1][3][4]

Service edit

From 1915 the Western Front had bogged down in trench warfare and there was little use in French service for these cars, some being used for rear area patrols. By 1918 only 28 Peugeots remained in service.[1][2]

In 1920, 18 Peugeots were provided to Poland for use against the Soviets in the Polish–Soviet War. By the early 1930s the type was considered obsolete and were replaced in Polish Army service, although the type continued in service with the police. Three remained in service in September 1939, seeing combat against the invading German forces.[1][2][3]

In 1918 four Peugeots were also provided to the Kingdom of Serbia, they remained use with the Kingdom of Yugoslavia until 1941, seeing combat against the invading Germans.[3]

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bishop, Chris (2014). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War I. London: Amber Books. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-78274-141-1.
  2. ^ a b c d e Forty, George; Livesey, Jack (2006). The World Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles. London: Anness Publishing Ltd. p. 364. ISBN 978-0754833512.
  3. ^ a b c d e f B., David (11 June 2014). "Peugeot 1914 armored car". Tanks Encyclodedia. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Surlémont, Raymond (March 1994). "French Armored Cars 1902–1945" (PDF). Armored Car: The Wheeled Fighting Vehicle Journal. Woodburn, OR: AC Publishing (#22): 1–5.

External links edit