|Peugeot armoured car|
|Place of origin||France|
Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
|Wars||First World War|
Second World War
|Mass||5 t (4.9 long tons; 5.5 short tons)|
|Length||4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)|
|Width||1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Height||2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)|
|Crew||3 or 4|
|AM - 1 x 8mm Hotchkiss M1914 MG|
AC - 1 x 37mm Hotchkiss M1887 gun
|Engine||Peugeot 4-cylinder petrol|
40 hp (30 kW) at 2,500 rpm
|140 km (87 mi)|
|Maximum speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|References||Bishop and Forty & Livesey.|
The Peugeot armoured car was built in two main versions, the Peugeot AM ("automitrailleuse") was armed with an 8 mm (0.31 in) Hotchkiss Model 1914 machine gun, and the Peugeot AC ("autocannon") armed with a 37 mm (1.5 in) Hotchkiss M1887 gun. The two armaments were interchangeable and were mounted on a pivot mount fitted with a curved gun shield.
The main production models of the Peugeot armoured car were built on the Peugeot 18 CV ("cheval-vapeur" or horsepower) type 146 or type 148 chassis. The Peugeot armoured car had a front mounted engine, driver in the middle and open topped fighting compartment at the rear. To support the additional weight of the armour and armament, the chassis and suspension were strengthened and double wheels were used on the rear. The driver’s position was protected by well sloped armour, the engine was armoured with steel shutters protecting the radiator.
In the early months of the war, commercially acquired Peugeot type 153 tourers were hastily converted to open topped armoured cars by the addition of slab-sided 5.5 mm (0.22 in) thick armoured plates around the crew compartment and an unprotected rear fighting compartment with wooden sides with a central pivot mounted machine gun or 37mm Hotchkiss M1887 gun protected by a light gun shield, 120 were built.
Later in the year a purpose designed version was developed, designed Captain Reynault it was based on the larger type 146 chassis. The new design provided armoured protection for the engine and fighting compartment and a more enclosed gun shield for the armament, although the top remained open. 150 were built, later in the production run the type 146 chassis was supplemented by the type 148 chassis.
From 1915 the Western Front had bogged down in trench warfare and there was little use in French service for these cars, some being used for rear area patrols. By 1918 only 28 Peugeots remained in service.
In 1920, 18 Peugeots were provided to Poland for use against the Soviets in the Polish–Soviet War. By the early 1930s the type was considered obsolete and were replaced in Polish Army service, although the type continued in service with the police. Three remained in service in September 1939, seeing combat against the invading German forces.
See also edit
- Bishop, Chris (2014). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War I. London: Amber Books. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-78274-141-1.
- Forty, George; Livesey, Jack (2006). The World Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles. London: Anness Publishing Ltd. p. 364. ISBN 978-0754833512.
- B., David (11 June 2014). "Peugeot 1914 armored car". Tanks Encyclodedia. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- Surlémont, Raymond (March 1994). "French Armored Cars 1902–1945" (PDF). Armored Car: The Wheeled Fighting Vehicle Journal. Woodburn, OR: AC Publishing (#22): 1–5.