Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex

  (Redirected from Peter village enclosure)

The Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex is an Adena culture group of earthworks in Fayette County, Kentucky. It consists of two major components, the Mount Horeb Site 1 and the Peter Village enclosure, and several smaller features including the Grimes Village site, Tarleton Mound, and Fisher Mound.[1] The Peter Village and Grimes Village enclosures were mapped by Rafinesque and featured in Squier and Davis's landmark publication Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley in 1848 as Plate XIV Figures 3 and 4.[2]

Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex
Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex is located in Kentucky
Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex
Location within Kentucky today
LocationLexington, KentuckyFayette County, Kentucky USA
RegionFayette County, Kentucky
Coordinates38°9′32″N 84°27′56″W / 38.15889°N 84.46556°W / 38.15889; -84.46556
CulturesAdena culture
Architectural stylesEarthworks

Mount Horeb Site 1Edit

This site is the center piece of the University of Kentucky's Adena Park and is located on a bank 75 feet (23 m) above Elkhorn Creek. It is a perfectly circular 105-foot (32 m) diameter platform, surrounded by a 45-foot (14 m) wide ditch and a 13-foot (4.0 m) wide enclosure with a 33-foot (10 m) wide entryway facing to the west. In 1939 the site was excavated by William S. Webb and the Works Projects Administration. They discovered the remains of a 97-foot (30 m) diameter circular wooden structure on the platform, which Webb speculated was a ceremonial center for a nearby clan. In 1936 the site and 6 acres (2.4 hectares) were paid for through private donations and transferred to the Kentucky Archaeological Society. It is currently owned and operated by the University of Kentucky as part of the Campus Recreation Department.[1]

Peter Village enclosureEdit

The earliest occupation at this site is 300 to 200 BCE and is considered to be a pre-Adena site for harvesting and processing galena, which occurs naturally nearby. At this time the site had an earthen enclosure and a palisade and later a 2-meter (6.6 ft) deep ditch.[3] Rafinesque described the site as a twenty sided icosogonal polygon 3,767 feet (1,148 m) long with a 15 feet (4.6 m) wide 4 feet (1.2 m) to 8 feet (2.4 m) deep ditch surrounding it. An entryway to the enclosure was located to the south.[1]

Images in Squier and DavisEdit

Mount Horeb, described as "ancient work near Lexington, Kentucky," was featured in the 1848 book Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Susan L. Woodward and Jerry N. McDonald (2002). Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley. McDonald and Woodward Publishing. pp. 109–113. ISBN 0-939923-72-6.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ E. G. Squier and E. H. Davis (1848). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. Smithsonian Institution.
  3. ^ Lewis, R. Barry (1996). Kentucky Archaeology. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 99–100. ISBN 0-8131-1907-3.
  4. ^ Ephraim George Squier; Edwin Hamilton Davis (1848). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. Smithsonian Institution. p. 93.

External linksEdit