Peter of Capua

Peter of Capua (Pierre de Capuano)[1] (died August 1242) was an Italian theologian and scholastic philosopher, and a Cardinal[2] and papal legate.[3]

Bust of Peter of Capua

Peter was a member of an Amalfitan family. After a being a teacher at the University of Paris, he was employed by Pope Innocent III as legate. He made trips to Poland and Bohemia in 1197, bringing decision of introducing celibacy.[4] He also served as legate to France from 1198. He made a truce between Richard I of England and Philip II of France, in December 1198.[5] During Peter's meeting with Richard and William Marshal, the northerners found Peter's appearance and obsequious style of diplomacy to be repellent. Peter did succeed in convincing Richard to agree to a conditional five-year truce, but when he persisted in asking that Richard also release Philip of Dreux (a Bishop of Beauvais whom the king intensely hated) Richard lost his temper and threatened to castrate Peter.[6]

Peter then took part in the Fourth Crusade. While in Constantinople he acquired relics, including the purported body of St. Andrew, which he brought in the end to Amalfi.[7]

A Life was written by Durand of Huesca.[8] Another Peter of Capua the Younger was in Paris in the early thirteenth century.[9]


  • Alphabetum in artem sermocinandi
  • Summa[10]


  1. ^ Peter Capuano, Pietro Capuano or Caputo, Pietro Cardinale di Capua, Petrus Capuanus
  2. ^ From 1193.[1], as Pietro Caputo.
  3. ^ W. Maleczek,Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216' (Wien, 1984) pp.117-124
  4. ^ Paweł Jasienica Polska Piastów (first edition PIW 1960, last edition Czytelnik 1996, ISBN 83-07-02415-3)
  5. ^ [2], [3], "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-08-31. Retrieved 2007-03-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Phillips, Jonathan. The Fourth Crusade and the Siege of Constantinople. 2004. page 9.
  7. ^ National Shrine to St Andrew Archived 2013-08-11 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Marston MS 266 Archived 2012-07-12 at
  9. ^ He died 1242, and is responsible for the Rosa Alphabetica.
  10. ^ Autorenliste – Autoren P

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