Peter Dóczy

Peter Dóczy[2] de Nagylucse (Hungarian: nagylucsei Dóczy Péter; Serbian: Петар Дојчин) was a 15th-century Hungarian nobleman. In 1462 he was a captain of the Belgrade fortress. Around 1479 he was a commander of the Hungarian fleet on Danube in Varadin. In 1480 he was a ban of Jajce (Hungarian: Jajca) in Bosnia.[3][4]

Peter Dóczy
Petar Doci

NameEdit

The alternative names of Peter Dóczy include Petrus de Docz, Petrus Doczy,[5][6]: 197  Petar Dojčin, Petar Dovac, Peter Doći[7] and Petar Varadinac.[8]

CareerEdit

In 1462 Dóczy was a captain of the Belgrade fortress.[6] In period between 1476 and 1479 he was a commander of the Hungarian fleet of hundred ships on Danube and Sava.[9] A part of his fleet participated in Hungarian capture of Šabac (Hungarian: Szabács) in 1476.[9] In 1480 he was a ban of Jajce.[10] At the end of 1480, together with Vuk Grgurević Branković and Hungarian ban of Slavonia Ladislaus Egervári, Dóczy attacked and plundered the Sanjak of Bosnia whose sanjakbey was Koca Davud Pasha.[11] They managed to reach Vrhbosna[12] and plundered it for three days.[13]

Dóczy traveled to Istanbul to meet Ottoman sultan Mehmed two times as envoy of the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus.[14] On 9 September 1482 Dóczy, Grgurević and Pavle Kanjiži defeated Ottoman forces of 10,000 spearmen near Óbecse (today: Bečej, Serbia).[15] Ottomans had intention to reach and plunder the region of Temesvár (today: Timișoara, Romania).[16]

In Serbian epic poetryEdit

In Serbian epic poetry Dóczy became Petar Dojčin, ban of Varadin.[17] The most famous epic song about Petar Dojčin is "Dojčin Petar and King Matthias" (Serbian: Дојчин Петар и Краљ Матијаш) also known as "Petar Dojčin drinks wine" (Serbian: Вино пије Дојчин Петар), which is published for the first time in period between 1716 and 1733 in Erlangen Manuscript.[8][18]

Petar Dojčin and Bolani Dojčin, another hero of Serbian epic poetry, are unrelated.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matthias I (King of Hungary); Vilmos Fraknói; Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (1893). Mátyás király levelei: Külügyi osztály. Magyar tudományos akadémia. p. 383. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  2. ^ Franz Babinger; Ralph Manheim (translator) (1978). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 375. Retrieved 26 July 2013. Doczy. {{cite book}}: |author2= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ Milman Parry; Albert B. Lord (1979). Serbocroatian heroic songs. Harvard University Press. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  4. ^ Ivan Kukuljević Sakcinski (1997). Izabrana djela. Matica hrvatska. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  5. ^ Dragoslav Srejović; Slavko Gavrilović; Sima M. Ćirković. Istorija srpskog naroda: knj. Doba borbi za očuvanje i obnovu države (1371-1537). Srpska književna zadruga. p. 578. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  6. ^ a b Јованка Калић-Мијушковић (1967). Београд у средњем веку. Српска књижевна задруга. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  7. ^ Đura Daničić; Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti (1882). Rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika. U knížarnici L. Hartmana na prodaju. p. 169. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  8. ^ a b Zbornik Matice srpske za književnost i jezik. Matica srpska. 1970. p. 187. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  9. ^ a b Godis̆njak grada Beograda. Beogradske novine. 1979. p. 19. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  10. ^ Zbornik Matice srpske: Serija društvenih nauka. Naučno odeljenje Matice srpske. 1951. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  11. ^ Esma Smailbegović; RO Institut za jezik i književnost (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina) (1986). Narodna predanja o Sarajevu. institut za jezik i književnost, OOUR Institut za književnost. p. 113. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  12. ^ Летопис Матице српске. У Српској народној задружној штампарији. 1909. p. 27. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  13. ^ Istorijski Glasnik. 1952. p. 7. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  14. ^ Dragoslav Srejović; Slavko Gavrilović; Sima M. Ćirković. Istorija srpskog naroda: knj. Doba borbi za očuvanje i obnovu države (1371-1537). Srpska književna zadruga. p. 385. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  15. ^ Vladimir Ćorović; Nenad Ljubinković; Irena Arsić (1997). Istorija srpskog naroda. Glas srpski. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  16. ^ Proceedings in history. Odeljenje za društvene nauke, Matica srpska. 1971. p. 21. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  17. ^ Milan Prelog (1924). Povijest Bosne u doba osmanlijske vlade ... Naklada J. Studnička i druga. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  18. ^ Cetinje (Montenegro) Etnografski muzeji (1961). Glasnik: Bulletin. p. 145. Retrieved 16 February 2013.