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Perdiccas III of Macedon

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Perdiccas III (Greek: Περδίκκας Γ΄) was king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia from 368 BC to 359 BC, succeeding his brother Alexander II.

Perdiccas III
Coin of Perdikkas III. 365-359 BCE.jpg
stater of Perdikkas III
King of Macedon
Reign 368–359 BC
Predecessor Alexander II
Successor Amyntas IV
Issue Amyntas IV
Dynasty Argead dynasty
Father Amyntas III
Mother Eurydice
Religion Ancient Greek religion
Coin of Perdiccas III, with figure of Herakles.

Son of Amyntas III and Eurydice, he was a child when Alexander II was killed by Ptolemy of Aloros, who then ruled as regent. In 365 BC, Perdiccas killed Ptolemy and assumed government.

There is very little information about the reign of Perdiccas III. He was at one time engaged in hostilities with Athens over Amphipolis, and he was distinguished for his patronage of men of letters. Among these we are told that Euphraeus of Oreus, a disciple of Plato, rose so high in Perdiccas's favour as to completely govern the young king and to exclude from his society all but philosophers and geometers.

He also served as Theorodokos[1] in the Epidaurian Panhellenic games that took place around 365 BC.

He tried to reconquer upper Macedonia from the Illyrian Bardylis, but the expedition ended in disaster, with Perdiccas being killed.[2]

Perdiccas was succeeded by his infant son, Amyntas IV. The throne was soon usurped by Perdiccas' younger brother Philip II.


  1. ^ Theocritus, Dioscuri (Idyll 22) [1] by Alexander Sens
  2. ^ Orrieux, Claude. A History Of Ancient Greece, 1999, p. 256, ISBN 0-631-20309-5.
  • Tritle, Lawrence A. ed. The Greek World in the Fourth Century: From the Fall of the Athenian Empire to the Successors of Alexander. London: Routledge, 1997. ISBN 978-0415-10583-5.

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Perdiccas III of Macedon
Born: Unknown Died: 359 BC
Preceded by
Alexander II
King of Macedon
368–359 BC
Succeeded by
Amyntas IV