Pedro Cevallos

  (Redirected from Pedro Cevallos Guerra)

Pedro Cevallos Guerra (1760–1840) was a Spanish statesman and diplomat who served as Chief Minister from 1799 to 1808 during the Napoleonic Wars, although Manuel Godoy, a personal favourite of the Spanish King had a vast influence over political affairs.


Pedro Cevallos
Pedro Ceballos Guerra.jpg
Portrait by an unknown author
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
13 December 1799 – 3 March 1808
MonarchFerdinand VI
Preceded byMariano Luis de Urquijo
Succeeded byGonzalo O'Farrill
Personal details
Born
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
NationalitySpanish

Early lifeEdit

Cevallos was born in Cantabria in 1760. He was educated at various schools and convents before matriculating at Valladolid University in 1777 to study law. He was very successful, and in 1781 joined the faculty as a professor, remaining there until 1790.

Diplomatic and political careerEdit

In 1790 Cevallos switched to the diplomatic service, serving from 1793 to 1795 as First Secretary to the Spanish Embassy in Lisbon. He then returned home and worked for the finance ministry.

Chief MinisterEdit

In 1799, the Spanish King Charles IV appointed Cevallos as Secretary of State, the de facto Chief Minister, which office he held until 1808.[1] Cevallos lacked the power and discretion of many of his predecessors as he was forced to share power with the ambitious Manuel de Godoy, a former Secretary, who held no official role but wielded enormous power.

French invasionEdit

Spain's situation had been precarious since the beginning of the Napoleonic Wars and in 1808 it grew worse. Spain and France had agreed to launch a joint invasion of their traditional and mutual enemy Portugal – but France had planned to betray their Spanish allies and conquer Spain as well. When this dawned on the Spanish elite, they pressed the King to abdicate. His successor, Crown Prince Ferdinand, chose to meet Napoleon in the Pyrenees and try to negotiate a cessation of hostilities, but was seized by the French and taken as a prisoner to France.

Cevallos tendered his resignation and fled to London for the remainder of the war, returning to Spain once Madrid had been liberated in 1814. He briefly headed the new government, before retiring. Cevallos died in 1840.

Political offices
Preceded by
Francisco de Saavedra
Secretary of State
(Chief Minister)

1799–1808
Succeeded by
Gonzalo O'Farrill
Preceded by
Gonzalo O'Farrill
Secretary of State
(Chief Minister)

1808–1808
Succeeded by
Mariano Luis de Urquijo
Preceded by
José Miguel de Carvajal-Vargas
Secretary of State
(Chief Minister)

1814–1816
Succeeded by
Juan Esteban Lozano de Torres
Preceded by
Juan Esteban Lozano de Torres
Secretary of State
(Chief Minister)

1816–1816
Succeeded by
José García de León y Pizarro

See alsoEdit

  1. ^ H. L. Dufour Woolfley (25 April 2013). A Quaker Goes to Spain: The Diplomatic Mission of Anthony Morris, 1813–1816. Lehigh University Press. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-61146-136-7.