Paul Thümmel

Paul Thümmel (15 January 1902 – 20 April 1945), aka Agent A-54, was a German double agent who spied for Czechoslovakia during World War II. He was a high-ranking member of the German military intelligence organisation, the Abwehr, and was also a highly decorated member of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

Private photo of Paul Thümmel

From 1937, Thümmel passed intelligence first to Czechoslovakia and later to the Czechoslovak government-in-exile in London via the Czech underground resistance.[1] He was killed by the SS at the Small Fortress of the Theresienstadt concentration camp in April 1945.[2][3]


  1. ^ "Paul Thummel - A 54". Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  2. ^ Binet, Laurent (2009). HHhH. London: Harvill Secker. p. §254. ISBN 9781846554797.
  3. ^ I.C.B Dear, ed, The Oxford Companion to World War II (1995) p 1108