Raktapura, Pattadakal Kisuvoval, Petrigal
|Elevation||586 m (1,923 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Pattadakal region was settled in pre-historic times, as evidence by megalithic dolmens. Located along the Malprabha river where it turns north, its red color soil and stone mountains nearby attracted its mention in ancient and medieval era Indian texts. The modern town contains the 7th and 8th century collection of nine Hindu and one Jain temple built by the Chalukya dynasty. It is considered by UNESCO as the masterpiece of architectural forms from northern and southern India, that made the town and nearby region as the cradle of temple architecture and arts.
The town is spread over 14.56 square kilometers, at an altitude of 593 meters. The summer (April–June) temperatures peak over 40 C, monsoons typically arrive by mid June. The weather and temperatures cool by late August, with winter temperatures ranging between 15 and 28 C. Pattadakal is about 14 miles (23 km) from the larger town of Badami, and about 7 miles (11 km) from Aihole – another site with over a hundred ancient and early medieval era Hindu, Jain and Buddhist monuments. Pattadakal and neighboring villages constitute the Bagalkot taluk whose combined population was 173,181 according to the official 2011 census.