Patrie! is an 1886 French-language opera in five acts by Émile Paladilhe with a libretto by Victorien Sardou and Louis Gallet based on the play by Sardou about a 16th-century revolt of Flemish nobles in Brussels. The opera was Paladilhe's greatest popular success and was one of the last in the style of grand opera to premiere at the Paris Opéra.[1]

Opera by Émile Paladilhe
Patrie! 1886 opera, lithograph by Paul Maurou – Gallica 2019.jpg
Poster for the 1886 premiere
LibrettistVictorien Sardou, Louis Gallet
Based onPatrie! (1869 play by Sardou)
16 December 1886

Performance historyEdit

The opera was premiered on 16 December 1886 by the Opéra at the Palais Garnier in Paris. The mise-en-scène was by Pedro Gailhard, and the choreography, by Louis Merante. The opera was last performed at the Garnier on 9 August 1919, its 93rd performance.[2][3]

The opera has also been performed outside of France, in Prague (28 April 1887, in Czech), Ghent (25 January 1888), Antwerp (6 March 1888), Rome (23 November 1889, in Italian), Hamburg (1 January 1890, in German), Amsterdam (1 September 1898, in Dutch), Geneva (19 February 1901), and Brussels (10 September 1931).[4]


Francisque Delmas as the Count of Rysoor in the Paris revival of 1907
Role Voice type[5] Premiere cast,[2] 16 December 1886
Conductor: Jules Garcin[2]
Delorès soprano Gabrielle Krauss
Rafaela soprano Rosa Bosman
Count of Rysoor baritone Jean Lassalle
Karloo tenor Valentin Duc
Duke of Alba bass Édouard de Reszke
La Trémoïlle tenor Muratet
Jonas baritone Bérardi
Noircarmès bass Auguste Dubulle
Rincon bass Sentein
Vargas tenor Étienne Sapin
Delrio bass Crépeaux


  • "Pauvre martyr obscur", sung by the baritone Rysoor
  • "Ah! Maintenant à moi!..., duet of Dolorès & Rysoor


  1. ^ David Charlton - The Cambridge Companion to Grand Opera 2003 0521646839 p300 "Patrie! achieved a total of seventy-two performances (after revivals in 1900 and 1907) and a solid record on provincial stages. It had a better run in Paris than Don Carlos in its day. If there was a swan-song for the historical drama side of the genre, this was it."
  2. ^ a b c Stéphane Wolff (1962; reprint 1983). L'Opéra au Palais Garnier (1875–1962). Paris: Deposé au journal L'Entr'acte OCLC 7068320, 460748195. Paris: Slatkine (1983), pp. 170–171. ISBN 9782050002142.
  3. ^ Spire Pitou (1990). The Paris Opéra: An Encyclopedia of Operas, Ballets, Composers, and Performers. Growth and Grandeur, 1815–1914. New York: Greenwood Press, pp. 1020–1023. ISBN 9780313262180.
  4. ^ Alfred Loewenberg (1978). Annals of Opera 1597–1940 (third edition, revised). Totowa, New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield, column 1125. ISBN 9780874718515.
  5. ^ Cast list from the 1886 vocal score.

External linksEdit