The Patom Highlands (Russian: Патомское нагорье) are a mountainous area in Eastern Siberia, Russia. Administratively most of the territory of the uplands is part of Irkutsk Oblast, with a smaller section in northern Transbaikal Krai.
|Elevation||1,924 m (6,312 ft)|
|Length||500 km (310 mi)|
|Width||300 km (190 mi)|
|Federal subject||Irkutsk Oblast/|
|Parent range||South Siberian System|
|Age of rock||Proterozoic and Lower Paleozoic (North)|
|Type of rock||Crystalline schist, limestone, quartzite|
In 1912 there was a massacre of striking workers of the Lena Goldfields, located in the Patom Highlands between the Lena and Vitim rivers. Strikers were protesting about harsh working conditions. Soldiers of the Imperial Russian Army intervened and fired upon protesters, causing hundreds of casualties. The incident provoked wide outrage across pre-revolutionary Russia when Alexander Kerensky reported it in the Duma.
The Patom Highlands are bound by rivers Lena, Vitim and Chara. To the north the valley of the Lena separates the highlands from the Lena Plateau and to the southwest the Vitim River, a right tributary of the Lena, separates it from the Stanovoy and North Baikal Highlands. To the east the valley of the Chara River, a left tributary of the Olyokma River of the Lena basin, separates the highland area from the Olyokma-Chara Plateau. To the southeast the Patom Highlands connect with the Kodar Range of Transbaikalia.
the river valleys cutting across the highlands are usually deep. Many rivers have their sources in the highlands, including some right tributaries of the Vitim, left tributaries of the Chara, such as the Zhuya and Malba, and right tributaries of Lena, such as the Big Patom and Little Patom Rivers. The average height of the mountainous area is between 1,200 meters (3,900 ft) and 1,300 meters (4,300 ft). The highest point is a 1,924 metres (6,312 ft) high unnamed summit located at in the southeastern end, southeast of Lake Nichatka in the Transbaikal Krai zone.
Climate and floraEdit
The climate prevailing in the upland is extreme continental and cold. The average annual temperature is −5.5 °C (22.1 °F). In January the temperature goes down to −31 °C (−24 °F) and in July the temperature reaches a maximum of 18 °C (64 °F).
There are taiga forests of conifers, mostly larch, in the slopes of the mountains up to 900 meters (3,000 ft) to 1,100 meters (3,600 ft), often mixed with Siberian pine. At higher altitudes these give way to thickets of dwarf Siberian pine up to a height of 1,200 meters (3,900 ft). Further up the mountaintops are covered with stony tundra.
- Proceedings of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics. Issue 383. Quaternary deposits of the extreme northeast of the USSR(in Russian
- Google Earth
- Melancon, MS (2006) The Lena Goldfields Massacre and the Crisis of the Late Tsarist State, Texas A&M University Press P167
- Olekminsko-Vitimsky expedition for examining the cattle driving route from the Olekminsky mines in the city of Chita / Brief report of the city of Krapotkin // Izvestia Imp. Russian geographic islands - 1868. - T. 4, No. 1. - Dep. - 2 p. 95 (in Russian)
- Патомское нагорье, Great Soviet Encyclopedia, (in Russian)
- Patom crater - a unique geological object in Eastern Siberia // “Science in Siberia” No. 43 (2778) October 28, 2010 (in Russian)
- World Climate