Patches (Chairmen of the Board song)
"Patches" (sometimes known as "Patches (I'm Depending On You)") is a country soul song written by General Johnson and Ron Dunbar and best known in the 1970 hit version by Clarence Carter. It won the 1971 Grammy Award for Best Rhythm & Blues Song.
|Single by Clarence Carter|
|Songwriter(s)||Ron Dunbar, General Johnson|
|Clarence Carter singles chronology|
Chairmen of the BoardEdit
The song was written by General Johnson, the lead singer of Chairmen of the Board, with Ron Dunbar, who worked in A&R and record production at the Invictus record label, owned and overseen by Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier, and Eddie Holland, formerly of Motown. Dunbar was often credited with co-writing hit songs at Invictus with "Edyth Wayne", a pseudonym used by Holland-Dozier-Holland during the time when they were in legal dispute with Motown and its music publishing arm Jobete to which they had been contracted.
The song tells a story about how a boy born and raised in poverty in Alabama "on a farm way back up in the woods" took over responsibility for his family from his dying father. After his father dies, he has to endure extra labor as the oldest son of the family, by doing farming and going to school. However, a rainstorm washes the crops away, and he has to work extra hard in the fields, in order to have his meals. His mother dies, and the other members of his family move away, leaving him as the man of the farm. This story, which featured spoken recitations, ends unresolved. "Patches" was included on Chairmen of the Board's first album, The Chairmen of the Board (later reissued as Give Me Just a Little More Time), and was the B-side of the group's July 1970 single, "Everything's Tuesday", their third chart hit.
The blind blues singer Clarence Carter heard the song, later saying: "I heard it on the Chairmen of the Board LP and liked it, but I had my own ideas about how it should be sung. It was my idea to make the song sound real natural..." Initially he thought "that it would be degrading for a black man to sing a song so redolent of subjugation" but was persuaded to do so by record producer Rick Hall, who told him that it related to his own personal history as he was growing up.
Carter recorded the song at the FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, with Hall as producer and musicians including Junior Lowe (guitar), Jesse Boyce (bass), and Freeman Brown (drums). Carter's recording was released in July 1970 and was described by a Billboard reviewer as a "powerful blues item" featuring a "blockbuster vocal work-out." The record rose to #4 on the Hot 100, #2 on the R&B chart, and #2 on the UK singles chart.
A reggae version was recorded late in 1970 by The Rudies, later known as Greyhound. Another version by Canadian country singer Ray Griff reached #26 on the US country music chart the same year. The song was also recorded by Alabama some time before 1980, Jerry Reed in 1982, and by George Jones and B.B. King on the album Rhythm, Country and Blues in 1994.
|Single by Titãs|
|from the album Go Back|
|Titãs singles chronology|
In 1984, the song was rewritten and rearranged in Portuguese as "Marvin (Patches)" by the Brazilian band Titãs and released on their self-titled debut album. The lyrics tell the story of Marvin, a young farmer whose father dies, leaving him responsible for making ends meet for his family. A live version taken off their 1988 live album Go Back was released as their eighth single and a second live version, acoustic and retitled simply as "Marvin", was released on their MTV Unplugged album Acústico MTV, becoming a hit in Brazil.
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- Bob Dennis, "Our Motown Recording Heritage - Part 16", Recording Engineers Quarterly, 2002 Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 6 September 2014
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- "Everything's Tuesday"' Discogs.com. Retrieved 6 September 2014
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- Mick Brown, "Deep Soul: How Muscle Shoals became music's most unlikely hit factory", The Telegraph, 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2014
- Billboard, 11 July 1970, p.80. Retrieved 6 September 2014
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 111. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
- Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-1995. Record Research. p. 67.
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- Grammy Awards 1971. Retrieved 6 September 2014
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- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Patches". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-1990 - ISBN 0-89820-089-X
- Cash Box Top 100 Singles, September 19, 1970
- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. 1970-11-14. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
- "Cash Box Year-End Charts: Top 100 Pop Singles, December 26, 1970". Archived from the original on July 22, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "Patches", SecondhandSongs.com. Retrieved 6 September 2014