Parmar is a Jat, Rajput, and Gurjar clan found in Northern India, especially in Rajasthan, Kutch and Sindh. There are multiple variants of the name, including Pramar, Panwar, Pawar, Powar, Puwar, Punwar, Paramara and Puar.
The Soomra dynasty of medieval India was ruled by Parmar Rajputs known as the Soomro caste. The name of the dynasty derives from Soomro and Vegho, two Parmar Rajput Hindu brothers who were appointed to rule the region; while Vegho remained Hindu, Soomro converted to Islam.
- Pati, Sushmita (2017). "Accumulation by Possession: The Social Processes of Rent Seeking in Urban Delhi". In Mitra, Iman Kumar; Samaddar, Ranabir; Sen, Samita (eds.). Accumulation in Post-Colonial Capitalism. Springer. p. 95. doi:10.1007/978-981-10-1037-8. ISBN 978-9811010378. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
Shahpur Jat, on the other hand, despite having a much smaller expanse of land, owned much more fertile tracts. ... The village is dominated by the Panwar gotra (clan) of the Jat community.
- Maya Unnithan-Kumar (1997). Identity, Gender, and Poverty: New Perspectives on Caste and Tribe in Rajasthan. Berghahn Books. p. 135. ISBN 978-1-57181-918-5. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- singhji, Virbhadra (1994). The Rajputs of Saurashtra. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788171545469.
- Gloria Goodwin Raheja (15 September 1988). The Poison in the Gift: Ritual, Prestation, and the Dominant Caste in a North Indian Village. University of Chicago Press. pp. 22–. ISBN 978-0-226-70729-7.
- Siddiqui, Habibullah. "The Soomras of Sindh: their origin, main characteristics and rule – an overview (general survey) (1025 – 1351 AD)" (PDF). Literary Conference on Soomra Period in Sindh.
Historians draw conclusion from socio-cultural as well as the historical and archaeological evidence. The way in which the history of Sindh has been recorded in the past, does not admit of the historical method. However, according to the available printed material, Mir Tahir Muhammad Nisyani, in his Tarikh Tahiri (1621 AD) asserts that Soomras were originally Hindus. They converted to Islam but remained Hindu in their customs, dress and even in their names. Tarikh Waqa`i Rajisthan corroborates this viewpoint and confirms that Soomras were originally “Parmar Rajputs”.
- International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics. Department of Linguistics, University of Kerala. 2007.
The Soomras are believed to be Parmar Rajputs found even today in Rajasthan, Kutch and Sindh.