Pardo's Push was an aviation maneuver carried out by then-Captain (Lt Col USAF Ret) John R. "Bob" Pardo (1934–2023), USAF in order to move his wingman's badly damaged F-4 Phantom II to friendly air space during the Vietnam War.[1]

History edit

Captain Bob Pardo (with Weapon Systems Officer 1st Lt Steve Wayne) and wingman Captain Earl Aman (with Weapon Systems Officer 1st Lt Robert Houghton) were assigned to the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing, 433rd Tactical Fighter Squadron, at Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. In March 1967, they were trying to attack a steel mill in North Vietnam just north of Hanoi.

F-4Ds of the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing from Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base.

On March 10, 1967, the sky was clear for a bombing run, but both F-4 Phantom IIs were hit by anti-aircraft fire. Aman's plane took the worst damage; his fuel tank had been hit, and he quickly lost most of his fuel. Aman and Houghton then determined that they did not have enough fuel to make it to a KC-135 tanker aircraft over Laos.

To avoid having Aman and Houghton bail out over hostile territory, Pardo decided to try pushing the airplane.[2] Pardo first tried pushing the plane using Aman's drag chute compartment but turbulence interfered.

Tailhook of an F-4C Phantom II on display at the Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson.

Pardo then tried to use Aman's tailhook to push the plane. The Phantom, having been originally designed as a naval aircraft for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, was equipped with a heavy duty tailhook for landings aboard aircraft carriers and for emergency arrestments ashore. Aman lowered his tailhook and Pardo moved behind Aman until the tailhook was against Pardo's windscreen. Aman then shut down both of his J79 jet engines. The push worked, reducing the rate of descent considerably, but the tailhook slipped off the windscreen every 15 to 30 seconds, and each time Pardo had to reposition his plane to do it again. Pardo also struggled with a fire in one of his own engines and eventually had to shut it down. In the remaining 10 minutes of flight time, Pardo used the one last engine to slow the descent of both planes.

With Pardo's plane running out of fuel after pushing Aman's plane almost 88 miles (142 km),[3] the planes reached Laotian airspace at an altitude of 6,000 feet (1,800 m). This left them about two minutes of flying time.[2] The pilots and their weapons systems officers ejected, evaded capture, and were picked up by rescue helicopters.[4]

Pardo was initially reprimanded for not saving his own aircraft.[5] However, in 1989, the military re-examined the case and awarded both Pardo and Wayne the Silver Star for the maneuver, two decades after the incident.[1][6][7]

Postscript edit

Pardo and Aman eventually completed their Air Force careers, both retiring in the rank of lieutenant colonel. In later years, Pardo, learning that Aman was suffering from Lou Gehrig's disease and had lost his voice and mobility, created the Earl Aman Foundation that raised enough money to buy Aman a voice synthesizer, a motorized wheelchair, and a computer. The foundation and the Red River Valley Fighter Pilots Association later raised funds to pay for a van, which Aman used for transportation until his death.[1]

The flight maneuver was later the subject of an episode of JAG; True Callings, the episode's credits "saluted" Pardo for his courage and ingenuity.

Earl Aman died 15 October 1998.[8]

Bob Pardo died on 5 Dec 2023.[9]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Frisbee, John L. (October 1996). "Valor: Pardo's Push". AIR FORCE Magazine. Archived from the original on 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  2. ^ a b Smith, Steve (December 1996). "Pardo's Push". Airman. United States Airforce. Archived from the original on 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2008-12-14.
  3. ^ Guernica, Kelly (March 5, 2009). "American Heroes: Pilots of Rolling Thunder". Fox News. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  4. ^ "Pardo's Push". Boeing. Archived from the original on 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2008-12-14.
  5. ^ "Pardo's Push: An Incredible Feat of Airmanship". Vietnam Magazine. 12 June 2006. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  6. ^ Davies, Peter E. (2004). US Air Force F-4 Phantom II MiG Killers 1965-68. Osprey Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-84176-656-0.
  7. ^ "Veteran Tributes".
  8. ^ Find a Grave Lt Col Earl Aman, USAF
  9. ^ Farewell Bob Pardo, Hero of ‘Pardo’s Push’ in Vietnam War