Paraíso Ecological Station

The Paraíso Ecological Station (Portuguese: Paraíso Ecological Station Paraíso) was an ecological station in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 2013, it was absorbed into the Três Picos State Park.

Paraíso Ecological Station Paraíso
Estação Ecológica do
Map showing the location of Paraíso Ecological Station Paraíso
Map showing the location of Paraíso Ecological Station Paraíso
Nearest cityCachoeiras de Macacu, Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates22°28′24″S 42°53′43″W / 22.473402°S 42.895322°W / -22.473402; -42.895322Coordinates: 22°28′24″S 42°53′43″W / 22.473402°S 42.895322°W / -22.473402; -42.895322
Area4,920 hectares (12,200 acres)
DesignationEcological station
Created12 March 1987

LocationEdit

The Paraíso Ecological Station (ESEC) was divided between the municipalities of Cachoeiras de Macacu (76.2%) and Guapimirim (23.8%). It had an area of 4,920 hectares (12,200 acres).[1] The area was considered representative of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest ecosystem.[2] It contained examples of submontane and montane forest.[3]

HistoryEdit

The Paraíso Ecological Station was created by state decree 9.803 of 12 March 1987.[4] The objective was to conduct basic and applied research of the ecology, to protect the natural environment and to develop environmental education. It was expected that 90% of the area would be designated to permanent full preservation of the biota. In 1979, FEEMA, which was responsible for the ESEC, implemented the Primatology Center of Rio de Janeiro (CPRJ) to study Brazilian primates, breed them in captivity and reintroduce them in the wild, covering 260 hectares (640 acres).[2]

The Paraíso Ecological Station was made part of the Central Rio de Janeiro Atlantic Forest Mosaic, created in 2006.[5] As of September 2010, the primatology center held about 250 captive small and medium sized primates in 85 nurseries, and was researching 16 species whose survival was compromised with a view to reintroducing them into their original environments.[6]

On 31 October 2013 state law 6.573 extinguished the Paraíso Ecological Station and the Jacarandá State Environmental Protection Area, and modified the Bacia dos Frades Environmental Protection Area and the Três Picos State Park.[7] The Paraíso Ecological Station was integrated into the state park. The primatology center continued operation in its original area.[8]

NotesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Andreoni, Clayton; Mendes, Douglas (2012), Diagnóstico da Vegetação Estação Ecológica da Guanabara e Região (PDF) (in Portuguese), ICMBio, retrieved 2016-10-03
  • Centro de Primatologia do Rio de Janeiro (CPRJ) (in Portuguese), INEA, retrieved 2016-10-03
  • Costa, Cláudia; Lamas, Ivana; Fernandes, Rosan (December 2010), Planejamento Estratégico do Mosaico Central Fluminense (PDF) (in Portuguese), Reserva da Biosfera da Mata Atlântica, retrieved 2016-10-02
  • ESEC do Paraíso (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-10-03
  • Ministério do Meio Ambiente da Alemanha visita projetos apoiados pelo AFCoF (in Portuguese), FUNBIO, 21 September 2010, retrieved 2016-10-03
  • Parque Estadual dos Três Picos (in Portuguese), INEA: Instituto Estadual do Ambiente, retrieved 2016-10-03