Panjgur or Panggur (Balochi and Urdu: پنجگور), with the older name Bannajbur[1] and Fannazbur[2] is a small town in Panjgur District, Balochistan. It is known for growing dates.

Panjgur
پنجگور
Bannajbur[1]
District Headquarters
Panjgur is located in Balochistan, Pakistan
Panjgur
Panjgur
Panjgur is located in Pakistan
Panjgur
Panjgur
Coordinates: 26°58′6″N 64°6′5″E / 26.96833°N 64.10139°E / 26.96833; 64.10139Coordinates: 26°58′6″N 64°6′5″E / 26.96833°N 64.10139°E / 26.96833; 64.10139
CountryPakistan
ProvinceBalochistan Province
DistrictPanjgur District
Elevation
980 m (3,220 ft)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

HistoryEdit

Al-Muqaddasī (985 AD) documented that Bannajbur was the capital of Makran and that it was populated by people called Balūṣh (Baluch). This is the first known reference to the Baloch people.[3]: 568 

ClimateEdit

Panjgur has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with hot summers and cold windy dry winters. Precipitation mainly falls in two distinct periods: in the mid-winter and early spring from late December to March, and in the monsoon in June and July.

Climate data for Panjgur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
29.4
(84.9)
34.5
(94.1)
39.0
(102.2)
44.4
(111.9)
45.0
(113.0)
45.0
(113.0)
43.3
(109.9)
41.5
(106.7)
38.0
(100.4)
34.0
(93.2)
29.0
(84.2)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
19.8
(67.6)
25.6
(78.1)
31.2
(88.2)
36.3
(97.3)
39.4
(102.9)
38.8
(101.8)
38.1
(100.6)
35.4
(95.7)
30.7
(87.3)
24.8
(76.6)
19.5
(67.1)
29.8
(85.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
12.8
(55.0)
18.2
(64.8)
23.7
(74.7)
28.5
(83.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.7
(87.3)
27.2
(81.0)
22.1
(71.8)
16.6
(61.9)
12.1
(53.8)
22.1
(71.9)
Average low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
5.7
(42.3)
10.9
(51.6)
16.1
(61.0)
20.7
(69.3)
24.0
(75.2)
24.7
(76.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.0
(66.2)
13.6
(56.5)
8.4
(47.1)
4.6
(40.3)
14.6
(58.2)
Record low °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
0.0
(32.0)
5.0
(41.0)
5.5
(41.9)
13.5
(56.3)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
8.9
(48.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.8
(18.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.3
(0.64)
16.2
(0.64)
15.6
(0.61)
7.4
(0.29)
3.1
(0.12)
3.3
(0.13)
25.0
(0.98)
9.2
(0.36)
1.5
(0.06)
0.8
(0.03)
0.8
(0.03)
9.5
(0.37)
108.7
(4.26)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [4]

SubdivisionsEdit

The three main subdivisions of Panjgur are Gramkān, Qila Khudābadān and Tasp. Tasp is mostly populated by the Mullazai tribe


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (January 1977). The Medieval History of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia. Variorum Reprints. p. 128. ISBN 9780860780007. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  2. ^ Verma, Harish Chandra (April 13, 1986). Dynamics of Urban Life in Pre-Mughal India. Munshiram Manoharlal. ISBN 9788121500012 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Hansman, John (1973), "A Periplus of Magan and Meluhha", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 36 (3): 553–587, doi:10.1017/S0041977X00119858, JSTOR 613582
  4. ^ "Panjgur Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 17, 2013.