Pamplona, Norte de Santander

(Redirected from Pamplona, Colombia)

Pamplona (pronounced [pamˈplona]) is a municipality and city in Norte de Santander, Colombia. It is also the fifth most populated municipality in the department.[1]

Pamplona
Pamplona
Pamplona
Flag of Pamplona
Official seal of Pamplona
Nickname(s): 
Student City, Miter City, Holy Spirit Valley
Location of the municipality and town of Pamplona, Colombia in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Pamplona, Colombia in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
Pamplona is located in Colombia
Pamplona
Pamplona
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 07°22′41″N 72°39′09″W / 7.37806°N 72.65250°W / 7.37806; -72.65250
Country Colombia
DepartmentNorth of Santander
Founded1549
Government
 • MayorCarlos Arturo Bustos Cortés
Area
 • Municipality318 km2 (123 sq mi)
Elevation
2,342 m (8,485 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Municipality57,803
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
 • Urban
54,894
 • Demonym
Pamplonés
Time zoneUTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
Area code57 + 7
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

HistoryEdit

ColonizationEdit

The town was founded on 1 November 1549 as Nueva Pamplona del Valle del Espíritu Santo, named after the capital of the Kingdom of Navarre, Crown of Castile, by Pedro de Ursúa and Ortún Velasco de Velázquez. From there, the expeditions departed which founded the towns of Mérida, San Cristóbal and La Grita, in the Republic of Venezuela, and Ocaña, Salazar de las Palmas, Chinácota, San Faustino, Bucaramanga and Cúcuta in Colombia, among others.

The natives, called Chitareros by the Spanish, were the first inhabitants of the old Province of Pamplona. They received the name because of the men had a custom of carrying a calabazo or totumo (gourd) hanging from the waist, with chicha or maize wine as the Spaniards called it. Asked for the name of what they were carrying, the natives responded that it was a chitarero.

When the area was occupied by Pedro de Ursúa and Ortún Velasco in 1549, they reduced the primitive settlers to the regime of encomiendas.[clarification needed] Around 100 groups or capitanejos were distributed among 53 encomiendas throughout the territory, according to researcher Jaramillo Uribe.

The town's location allowed it to become an important commercial route between the Viceroyalty of New Granada and the Captaincy of Venezuela; with highly fertile regions and auriferous deposits in the mountains, it became one of the richest territories of the colony, rivaled only by the province of Socorro, which contributed to it being considered a political and administrative axis of the Spanish crown from the time of the conquest.

IndependenceEdit

Pamplona earned the nickname of "Patriotic City" as described by Simón Bolivar for having pioneered the New Granadan revolution by proclaiming its independence on 4 July 1810, led by Doña Agueda Gallardo de Villamizar [es] (freedom that was finally declared 31 July of the same year with a provisional assembly), and later, between 1819 and 1821, for having contributed notably with human and economic resources for the liberation of Colombia and Venezuela. Pamplona was as important as Bogotá.

In 1910, with the creation of the Department of Norte de Santander, it was included within its political jurisdiction, becoming part of the province of Pamplona, which is in turn made up of the municipalities of Cácota de Velasco, Cucutilla, Chitagá, Labateca, Mutiscua, Pamplonita, Toledo and Silos. Culturally there are a number of national and international activities making the city a tourist epicenter, including Holy Week, along with the celebrations held in Mompox and Popayán, which are the most important in the country.

The city of Pamplona is in the southwest of the department, along with the municipalities of Pamplonita, Chitagá, Silos, Cácota and Mutiscua. Its historic center stands out in the urban area (declared as a Monument of National Interest according to Decree 264 of 1963), which has long been the main educational center of eastern Colombia and Táchira and Mérida in Venezuela. The solemnity of religious celebrations is also notable – events that attract a large number of people from other parts of the country and Táchira, Venezuela.

ClimateEdit

On average, temperature highs range from 18 °C (64 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) and lows range from 7 °C (45 °F) to 11 °C (52 °F).

EconomyEdit

One of the main agricultural products of Pamplona is the potato,[2] followed by the production of other vegetables and fruits such as strawberries, garlic, carrots, wheat, morón,[clarification needed] beans and corn.[3] During 2014, Pamplona became the municipality that produced the most peas in the department.[4] The main sources of livestock production in the municipality are poultry, cattle and swine.[3] The province of Pamplona is one of the largest food production areas in the department, it also produces dairy products, especially cheese, the main cheeses marketed in the area are Cuajada, in addition to Queso Campesino (lit.'Farmer's Cheese') and Queso de Hoja (lit.'Leaf Cheese'). [5] Eighty-five percent of the city's establishments are engaged in commerce.[3]

Pamplona is a student city, hosting the University of Pamplona. That and tourism are probably the main present economic activities, where thousands of students are lodged and fed and are thus the main consumers in nightclubs and cafés.

Heritage sitesEdit

ChurchesEdit

According to historian Silvano Pabón Villamizar, the construction of religious buildings in Pamplona began at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century.[6] The Santa Clara Cathedral [es] was built in 1584 by Magdalena Velazco, the daughter of the founder of Pamplona.[7] The cathedral contains one of the most important musical instruments of Eastern Colombia, a pipe organ created by Celestino Balbiani from Milan, Italy,[8] in addition to a Baroque-style altarpiece.[7] In 1990, architect Jaime Salcedo was awarded the Carlos Arbelaéz Camacho National Restoration Prize for the restoration of the Caterdal at the 12th Biennial of Architecture in Colombia.[9]

One of the most visited places in Pamplona during Holy Week is the Humilladero Sanctuary.[10] It is an example of colonial architecture, featuring a preserved wood carving of Jesus Christ along with Gestas and Dismas.[11] The sanctuary has existed since the foundation of Pamplona.[12]

MuseumsEdit

Pamplona houses several museums of the department such as the Águeda Gallardo de Villamizar House, built around 1644 after an earthquake. In the house lived Águeda Gallardo [es], one of the women who played a role in the independence of Colombia.[13] According to the historians Luis Eduardo Paez Courvel and Luis Febres Cordero, the house was the site for gatherings (Spanish: tertulias) on the process of independence for the country.[14]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "La información del DANE en la toma de decisiones regionales - Cúcuta, Norte de Santander" (PDF). Colombian National Administrative Department of Statistics (in Spanish). 2021. p. 91. Retrieved 2022-08-06.
  2. ^ B, Mariano Olazábal (1980). Organización de un centro de acopio para la comercialización de la papa en la ciudad de Pamplona (in Spanish). IICA Biblioteca Venezuela.
  3. ^ a b c "Diagnóstico Económico - Pamplona". University of Pamplona. Retrieved 2022-08-06.
  4. ^ Guerrero, Carlos Andrés Gualdrón; Gómez, Bryan Arley Maldonado; Velandia, Darvis René Espitia; Serrano, Johan Nicolás García (2017). "APROXIMACIÓN AL CASO DE DESARROLLO LOCAL DE LA ZONA RURAL DEL MUNICIPIO DE PAMPLONA". FACE: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. 17 (2): 142–156. doi:10.24054/01204211.v2.n2.2017.543 (inactive 2022-08-13). ISSN 2500-9338. Retrieved 2022-08-06.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of August 2022 (link)
  5. ^ Contreras, Y. Albarracín; Sarmiento, P.; Camacho, A. K. Carrascal; Mercado, M. (2006). "Estimación de la proporción de Listeria monocytogenes y Salmonella spp en quesos frescos (queso de hoja, cuajada) y queso Doble Crema producidos y comercializados en el Municipio de Pamplona, Norte de Santander". Bistua: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Básicas. 4 (2): 30–41. ISSN 0120-4211. La provincia de Pamplona, es una de las mayores productoras de productos alimenticios, siendo el área de lácteos una de las más posicionadas, específicamente la producción de quesos.
  6. ^ Sandoval, Héctor (2020-04-09). "Las historias de la 'ciudad de la neblina': Pamplona". El Espectador (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  7. ^ a b "Catedral de Santa Ana". University of Pamplona (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  8. ^ "Piano de la catedral de Pamplona, joya italiana". La Opinión (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  9. ^ Laverde, Camilo Mendoza (2001). 50 años de arquitectura: apuntes para la historia de la Facultad de Arquitectura y Diseño, 1951-2000 (in Spanish). Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. ISBN 978-958-683-387-5.
  10. ^ "Semana Santa: Turistas disfrutarán de gastronomía y paisajes de Norte de Santander". RCN Radio (in Spanish). 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-08-06.
  11. ^ "Semana Santa en Colombia: Cuatro emblemáticas celebraciones". Aleteia (in Spanish). 2019-04-15. Retrieved 2022-08-06.
  12. ^ "Guía departamental del Norte de Santander (CITUR)" (PDF). Centro de Información Turística. Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  13. ^ "Museo Casa Águeda Gallardo de Villamizar". Sistema de Información de Museos Colombianos (SIMCO) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-06.
  14. ^ "Reseña Historica de la Casa Águeda". University of Pamplona (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-06.
  15. ^ "El alcalde de Pamplona recibe a una delegación colombiana del Departamento Norte de Santander". Ayuntamiento de Pamplona (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-06.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 7°22′41″N 72°39′09″W / 7.37806°N 72.65250°W / 7.37806; -72.65250